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Tacit Knowledge Elicitation and Measurement in Research Organisations: a Methodological Approach

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume5-...
Contextual complexities as a result of the nature of knowledge based resources of organisations are increasingly the bases of competitive advantage. n the third generation of KM theories and techniques, intra- organisational flows of knowledge resources have become as important as the resources themselves. Management of such flows is an imperative rather than an alternative for most organisations. When attempting to implement effective KM strategies, most organisations assume complete awareness of what knowledge-based resources they own and which elements of these, need to be shared. However, such an assumption may not always be valid. While many scholars have conducted research into measurement and management of explicit knowledge, limited progress has been made in applying similar processes to tacit knowledge resources. The KM research and practice communities agree on the importance of identifying and measuring tacit knowledge-based resources, while absence of suitable...
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 01/29/2008
Digital publication details: 14 pages.

Is Tacit Knowledge Really Tacit?

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume8-...
The aim of this article is to increase understanding of tacit knowledge as a phenomenon and also, to specify and understand tacit knowledge of an expert in a given context. In the discourse of organizational behavior, the use of the concept of tacit knowledge and empirical scientific research on it has become more popular only in the 1990s. The strong increase in expert work and knowledge-intensive fields make examining the topic timely and both theoretically and practically interesting. The most significant theoretical contribution of the study is the increase in understanding, as well as, the creation of new knowledge of the contents and the nature of tacit knowledge. Based on our study, it seems that the current division of knowledge to explicit and tacit is not sufficient to describe the phenomenon. It has been proposed that explicit knowledge is visible and “articulated” knowledge that can easily be transferred and codified, e.g., through speech, documents and various...
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 12/31/1969
Digital publication details: 12 pages.

Is Tacit Knowledge Really Tacit?

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume8-...
The aim of this article is to increase understanding of tacit knowledge as a phenomenon and also, to specify and understand tacit knowledge of an expert in a given context. In the discourse of organizational behavior, the use of the concept of tacit knowledge and empirical scientific research on it has become more popular only in the 1990s. The strong increase in expert work and knowledge-intensive fields make examining the topic timely and both theoretically and practically interesting. The most significant theoretical contribution of the study is the increase in understanding, as well as, the creation of new knowledge of the contents and the nature of tacit knowledge. Based on our study, it seems that the current division of knowledge to explicit and tacit is not sufficient to describe the phenomenon. It has been proposed that explicit knowledge is visible and “articulated” knowledge that can easily be transferred and codified, e.g., through speech, documents and various...
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 12/31/1969
Digital publication details: 12 pages.

Tacit Knowledge Capacity: A Comparison of University Lecturers in Germany and North Cyprus

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume16...
The importance of universities as knowledge hubs is increasing due to knowledge production via research and teaching. An emerging aspect of knowledge management literature is the study of the knowledge requirements of universities. In particular, the transformation from knowledge creation to knowledge sharing has proved to be important in the university context and is subject to cultural differences. For example, previous research has indicated that a physician’s Tacit Knowledge Capacity (TKC) is affected by social software and social media. This creates opportunities to carry out new research on different occupations that have an intense TKC. As part of this research, a survey was conducted in order to assess the TKC of lecturers in both Germany and North Cyprus. These are two countries that have universities providing knowledge management programmes. The research determined the TKC in both countries and compared the two in order to determine if cultural factors affect the...
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 12/31/1969
Digital publication details: 12 pages.

Increasing Transferability of Tacit Knowledge with Knowledge Engineering Methods

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume11...
Abstract: Knowledge transfer is a real challenge for organizations and particularly for those who have based their strategy on knowledge codification using knowledge engineering methods. These organizations are facing one major problem: their knowledge repository is used by few persons. Why? In this article, we identify barriers for transfer and appropriation of codified knowledge referential. We show that codified knowledge transfer should be a specific collaborative process taking into account three aspects: complexity and specificity of codified knowledge, readers’ profiles, and exchange channels. Then, we propose to improve knowledge transfer process by developing new specifications for the codified knowledge to increase its transferability and by elaborating a pertinent shared context for knowledge interpretation. It is an empirical methodology which optimizes continuity between knowledge codification and knowledge transfer.
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 12/31/1969
Digital publication details: 12 pages.

Tacit Knowledge Revisited — We Can Still Learn from Polanyi

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume5-...
The field of knowledge management is still relatively new, with all but a few of its related papers and books published during the last 15 years or so. However, one of the most cited sources is a much earlier work on the topic of tacit and explicit knowledge, by Michael Polanyi (1958 and 1966). An examination of some 60 papers from three major knowledge management journals demonstrates that Polanyi's work has frequently been misinterpreted by some authors and further suggests that, in some cases, the citing authors may not have read the cited work. Further, this has led to misinterpretation of Polanyi's work in ways that have affected wider issues in knowledge management. Polanyi's work is still relevant today and a closer examination of his theory that all knowledge has personal and tacit elements, such that knowledge cannot be made fully explicit, can be used to both support and refute a variety of widely held approaches to knowledge management. In particular, it raises issue...
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 05/12/2007
Digital publication details: 8 pages.

Tacit Knowledge and Pedagogy at UK Universities: Challenges for Effective Management

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume6-...
This paper hopes to persuade readers of current thinking around Knowledge Management that more emphasis should be placed on tacit knowledge in management and its education and how it might be better communicated to students within universities and in organisations in general. It reflects upon what appears to be the predominant attention being paid to explicit knowledge in the curriculum and pedagogy of UK Universities which offer courses entitled Knowledge Management, and that this may be at the expense of more tacit knowledge 'management' approaches.
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 07/12/2008
Digital publication details: 14 pages.

Tacit Knowledge, its Codification and Technological Advancement

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume11...
Abstract: The paper addresses issues related to the confusion surrounding conceptual understanding of tacit knowledge and its transferability in organization's realm from an original perspective. Lately, at every level: country, industry and organization, attention to knowledge has intensified due to the realization that in "post-capitalist society" (Drucker, 1993) knowledge is increasingly replacing traditional driving forces of economy: labor, capital and natural resources as the primary factor in economic growth. Knowledge use is now considered as imperative in all aspects of an organization. In literature there exist various typologies of knowledge, however, in organizational science most common classifications of knowledge include two general types: tacit and explicit. This paper brings clarity to the concept of tacit knowledge, nexus between tacit and explicit knowledge and effects of advances in technologies on the codification capability of tacit knowledge. It argues that...
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 12/31/1969
Digital publication details: 9 pages.

Harvesting Knowledge

issuu.com/celcius233/docs/harvesting-knowledge...
If 80% of knowledge is unwritten and largely unspoken, we first need to elicit that before we can articulate, share, and make wider use of it. Knowledge harvesting is one way to draw out and package tacit knowledge to help others adapt, personalize, and apply it; build organizational capacity; and preserve institutional memory.
Uploaded by celcius233 on 04/14/2010
Digital publication details: 5 pages.

A Critical Analysis of Nonaka's Model of Knowledge Dynamics

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume8-...
The purpose of this paper is to present a critical analysis of the well known knowledge dynamics model elaborated by Ikujiro Nonaka and his co-workers. The essence of this model consists of three layers of the knowledge-creation process: (a) the process of knowledge creation through socialization-externalization-combination-internalization (SECI), the knowledge conversion process between tacit and explicit knowledge; (b) Ba —the platform for knowledge creation; (c) knowledge assets. The success and popularity of this model created premises and temptations for using it beyond the conceptual limits initially defined, generating this way a superficial interpretation of the complex organizational knowledge dynamics. Our critical analysis aims at the investigation of the operational power of Nonaka's model of knowledge dynamics within the framework of organizational knowledge. In the same time, we would like to apply the entropy law to SECI model and to see how the conversion...
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 08/26/2010
Digital publication details: 8 pages.
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