Published on 10/06/2016
Document details: 11 pages. 20 downloads.
A Service is an act of performance offered by one party to another. Service sectors such as Banking, Insurance, Education, Transport, Hotel etc., have added strategic importance to the economy and the public at large, particularly after opening of the economy for private and foreign companies. Due to over population, the importance of transportation has increased day by day, for speeding up the process of socio-economic transformation, transportation services occupying a place of outstanding significance. Of late, this sector is considered to be de-factor barometer of the national economy. It has also been successful in transforming the globe into a village. Developing countries like India cannot afford to neglect the problem of the people who contribute to its economic growth. Men work to satisfy their needs, and the extent of need satisfaction or need frustration is reflected in their behaviour. So the study of human behaviour is very essential in every industrial activity. This can be achieved through scientific job satisfaction studies. Job satisfaction is one of the important factors, which has drawn attention of managers in the organization as well as academicians. Job satisfaction is the mental feeling of favorableness, which an individual has about his job.
Published on 02/09/2019
Document details: 11 pages. 1 download.
This article is from North American Journal of Medical Sciences , volume 6 . Abstract Background:: Diabetes and Tuberculosis often present together and complicate each other at many levels. A collaborative framework for care and control of diabetes and tuberculosis developed by World Health Organisation and International Union against Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases emphasizes routine bi-directional screening for the two diseases. Aims:: The study was to assess the prevalence of diabetes in tuberculosis patients currently on treatment. Materials and Methods:: This facility-based cross-sectional study was undertaken in four randomly selected peripheral health institutions providing directly observed treatment short-course, treatment for tuberculosis patients. All cases of tuberculosis, more than 18 years of age were screened for diabetes. Risk factors like age, sex, family history of diabetes, alcohol, smoking and obesity were assessed. Results:: The prevalence of diabetes in tuberculosis patients was found to be 29% (known diabetics - 20.7%, new Diabetes cases - 8.3%). Diabetes was significantly associated with older age, family history of diabetes, consumption of alcohol and sputum positivity. Conclusions:: Screening patients with Tuberculosis for fasting blood sugar estimation will help in early detection of diabetes
Published on 10/23/2014
Document details: 11 pages. 10 downloads.
This article is from Journal of Education and Health Promotion , volume 3 . Abstract Background:: The advent of internet has triggered a growth in provision of more interactive health promotion messages, which are likely to enhance the potential for behavior change especially among children. We intended to find out the determinants and prevalence of use of internet among school students of Puducherry. Materials and Methods:: An exploratory study was carried out among all the students belonging to the standards VI to IX (n = 421) in three schools from urban areas and two schools from rural areas of Puducherry. A pretested, self-administered questionnaire which sought information on sociodemographic details (age, gender, standard of education, occupation of father, and type of school), use of internet, and place of accessing internet, hours of use, and reasons for use was utilized. The statistical significance between the categorical variables was done using chi-square test. All significance tests were two-tailed and statistical significance was defined as a value of P < 0.05. Results:: Majority (72.2%) were boys. Less than one-third (23.8%) of the students used internet. The use of internet was found to be significantly higher in mid-adolescents (Adjusted OR: 2.205); among boys (Adjusted OR: 3.835) and students from urban areas (Adjusted OR: 4.694). Conclusion:: There is a geographical and gender divide observed among the school children in the use of internet. Taking the steps to bridging the digital divide will help utilize internet as a media for health promotion.
Published on 10/16/2014
Document details: 11 pages. 14 downloads.
Prevalence of bronchial asthma and its associated factors among school children in urban Puducherry, India.
This article is from Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine , volume 5 . Abstract Background:: Bronchial asthma is an important public health problem at the global level. There is paucity of studies on bronchial asthma among school children in Urban India. Objective:: To assess the prevalence and associated factors of bronchial asthma among school children. Materials and Methods:: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 263 children studying in the 8th, 9th, and 10th standard using the modified International Study on Allergy and Asthma in Childhood questionnaire in Urban Puducherry. Data on associated factors that include family history of asthma, type of fuel used for cooking, placement of kitchen in the house, number of windows in sleeping room, pet animals, smoking among family members, birth order, and smoke outlet were collected. Data were analyzed by univariate analysis and expressed in proportion or percentages. Results:: Prevalence of ever bronchial asthma was found to be 5.3%, of which 4.2% had current episode of asthma during the last 1-year period. About 72.7% of the current asthmatics had cold or rhinitis and 54.5% each had itching or rashes and nocturnal dry cough. Prevalence is more among the 12-13 years age group (6.5%) compared to the 14-16 years age group (3.6%). Boys (5.4%) and girls (5.2%) had comparable prevalence rates. The prevalence was significantly more among those with a family history of asthma, having smoking habits in any of the family members, and the absence of smoke outlet in the house (P < 0.05). Conclusion:: Bronchial asthma is an important health problem among children in urban Puducherry. Intervention on exposure to passive smoking and provision of smoke outlets may help to reduce the burden of disease at the community level.
Published on 10/23/2014
Document details: 11 pages. 12 downloads.
Higher education professionals generally work in an information and communication technology (ICT) rich environment. In this paper, we present the findings of a study of computer competencies of higher education teachers working in the arts and science colleges of Puducherry region. The present research is aimed at answering the research questions about the extent and frequency of the faculty members use of computer applications for teaching learning processes, their main concerns regarding using technology in teaching and their preferences of technology training methods for professional development. Questionnaires, designed to provide an overview of the above said research parameters were administered to the 120 higher education teachers teaching in the arts and science colleges of Puducherry region. These results showed that faculty members are moderately competent in using internet, e-mail, word processing, presentation software, and transparencies and less competent in various other areas of technological tools. Their frequency of use in the moderately competent areas is high when compared to other tools. Therefore, a larger dose of training is required on the use of other technological tools. The main concern of the faculty members in using technology is they do not have proper and adequate technical support and most of them preferred workshop as their training strategy over methods. It can be concluded that with limited knowledge and resources these teachers were able to incorporate technology in their teaching-learning process and if they are provided with adequate training on the advanced technological tools to raise their level of competencies, no doubt they would bring innovations in their classrooms. (Contains 5 tables.)
Published on 03/09/2016
Document details: 5 pages. 45 downloads.
This article is from Journal of Natural Science, Biology, and Medicine , volume 5 . Abstract Background:: As a measure to reduce the out of pocket health spending in our country, the high level expert group on Universal Health Coverage recommends a National Health Package free of cost to all. Whether availability of services free of cost, will reduce out of pocket expenditure? Aim:: To assess this, we studied the out of pocket health spending among the households of a Ramanathpuram, a village in Puducherry, where surplus health services are available free of cost. Settings and Design:: An exploratory study was conducted in by 200 purposively selected households of Ramanathpuram, during the months of March-April 2012. Materials and Methods:: Information was sought on socio-demographic details (age, gender, and income), expenditure incurred during OPD visits, follow up for chronic diseases, and hospitalization using a pretested questionnaire. Recall periods of 1 and 3 months were considered for OPD visits and hospitalizations, respectively. Results:: Of the total 935 individuals from the 200 households included, 51.3% (480) were men and 455 (48.7%) were women. A total of 231 visits to health care facilities were recorded from 143 (71.5%) households, of which 153 (66.2%) were for acute illness and 68 (29.4%) for follow up of chronic diseases and 10 (4.3%) for hospitalization. The mean per visit expenditure for acute illness, chronic diseases, and hospitalization were INR72.7 ± 143.6, 135.7 ± 196.2, and 1340 ± 1192.9, respectively. Government facilities were availed for 175 (75.7%) visits. Majority of those who incurred health expenditure for acute illness (80.4%) and utilized the private sector for acute illness (78.4%) were from higher socioeconomic class (P = 0.001). Conclusion:: Majority (58.1%) of the households did not incur health care expenditure. Public health care facilities were preferred (75.5%) for seeking care. Availability of services free of cost reduces out of pocket expenditure among non-hospitalized cases.
Published on 10/23/2014
Document details: 5 pages. 10 downloads.
Union Government, Extraordinary, 2015-03-23, Part III-Section 4, Ref. F. No. Conf. 5(17)2008/Puducherry/19271
The Gazette of India Date: 2015-3-23 Type: Extraordinary Part Number: Part III-Section 4 Reference Number: F. No. Conf. 5(17)2008/Puducherry/19271 Department: Ministry: Employees Provident Fund Organisation Office: Subject: The Union Territory Puducherry was reconstituted by the Chairman, Central Board of Trustees, (Employees Provident Fund).
Published on 08/14/2018
Document details: 5 pages. 1 download.
Union Government, Extraordinary, 2008-03-31, Part III-Section 4, Ref. Conf.5(17)2008/Puducherry/26275
The Gazette of India Date: 2008-3-31 Type: Extraordinary Part Number: Part III-Section 4 Reference Number: Conf.5(17)2008/Puducherry/26275 Department: Ministry: Employees Provident Fund Organisation Office: Subject: The Chairman, Central Board of Trustees, Employees’ Provident Fund sets up a Regional Committee for Puducherry.
Published on 08/10/2018
Document details: 5 pages. 8 downloads.
This article is from Perspectives in Clinical Research , volume 5 . Abstract Background and Objectives:: Self medication is an important concern for health authorities at global level. This study was aimed to find the prevalence of self medication for allopathic drugs and associated factors among households of urban community. This study was also aimed at assessing the attitude of respondents who had experienced self-medication. Materials and Methods:: This cross-sectional study was done in field practice area attached to a medical institution in urban Puducherry. A total of 352 subjects from 124 households were selected by random sampling. With pretested interview schedule, information regarding self-medication use in the past three months and associated sociodemographic factors, purpose, source of drug procurement, attitude toward self-medication use were collected. Results:: Prevalence of self-medication was found to be 11.9%. Males, age >40 years and involving in moderate level activity of occupation, were found to be significantly associated with higher self-medication usage (P < 0.05). Fever (31%), headache (19%), and abdominal pain (16.7%) are most common illnesses where self-medication is being used. Telling the symptoms to pharmacist (38.1%) was the commonest method adopted to procure drugs by the users. Majority of the self-medication users expressed that self-medication is harmless (66.6%) and they are going to use (90%) and advice others also (73.8%) to use self-medication drugs. Conclusion:: Self-medication is an important health issue in this area. Health education of the public and regulation of pharmacies may help in limiting the self-medication practices.
Published on 10/24/2014
Document details: 5 pages. 9 downloads.