For anyone wanting to learn, in practical terms, how to measure, describe, monitor, evaluate, and analyze poverty, the Handbook is the place to start. Designed initially to support training courses on poverty analysis, it consists of explanatory text with numerous examples, interspersed with multiple-choice questions (to ensure active learning) and combined with extensive practical exercises using Stata statistical software.
Uploaded by world.bank.publications on 04/28/2009
Digital publication details: 446 pages.
By Peter Saunders Edited by Natalie Evans In 1999, Tony Blair committed the Government to abolishing child poverty by 2020. In 2006, the Conservative opposition endorsed this aim, and in 2009 the Government introduced a Child Poverty Bill which requires all future governments to meet four child poverty targets. It is difficult to criticise these targets, for nobody wants to object to policies intended to rescue children from poverty. But the way the Government is defining and measuring poverty is badly flawed, and the new Bill has more to do with redistributing incomes and increasing welfare payments than with tackling the underlying causes of child poverty. This Research Note recommends that the current child poverty targets should be replaced and the Child Poverty Bill withdrawn. We are not, however, arguing that the Government should abandon its broader concern to improve child wellbeing and the causes of poverty.
Uploaded by policyexchange on 10/28/2009
Digital publication details: 20 pages.
This paper argues that policy analysis should rely on both relative poverty – measured as a share of the median standard of living – and absolute measures. As countries reduce extreme absolute poverty, concerns of social inclusion, better represented by relative poverty lines, become increasingly relevant. Anchoring the poverty line to median welfare makes the poverty line dependent on distributional parameters beyond the mean, thus allowing for poverty lines that differ across countries with the same level of income per capita. The paper derives and presents relative poverty headcount ratios from publicly available grouped data for 114 countries. An examination of the trends in absolute and relative poverty in Brazil, China and the United States uncovers commonalities that are not apparent if the analysis focuses on national poverty lines or different concepts across countries.
Uploaded by oecd_development_centre on 09/25/2012
Digital publication details: 57 pages.
This book is an introduction to the theory and practice of poverty measurement. The book is comprehensive, with all relevant concepts defined and explained. On completing this book you will be able to perform sophisticated analyses of income or consumption distribution for any standard household dataset using the ADePT program (a free download from the World Bank’s Web site). With this background, country experts can generate the analyses for a poverty reduction strategy paper. Researchers can construct macro data series suitable for empirical analyses. Students can replicate and check the robustness of published results. Several recent initiatives have lowered the cost of accessing household datasets. The goal of this book is to further reduce the cost of analyzing these data for sharing with interested parties.
Uploaded by world.bank.publications on 05/12/2013
Digital publication details: 324 pages.
This is the first comprehensive assessment of pension systems in the Middle East and North Africa. While other regions—Central Asia, Eastern Europe, and Latin America, in particular—have been actively introducing reforms to their pension systems, Middle East and North African countries have lagged behind. This is explained, in part, by the common belief that, because demographics remain favorable—the countries are young and the labor force is expanding rapidly—financial problems are far in the future; as a result, pension reform does not have to be a priority in the broader policy agenda.
Uploaded by world.bank.publications on 05/09/2010
Digital publication details: 136 pages.
Trade policy reforms in recent decades have sharply reduced the distortions that were harming agriculture in developing countries. Yet global trade in farm products continues to be far more distorted than trade in nonfarm goods, and in ways that reduce some forms of poverty and inequality but worsen others, so the net effects are unclear without empirical modeling.
Uploaded by world.bank.publications on 07/15/2010
Digital publication details: 484 pages.
This report, authored by Jane Waldfogel of Columbia University and the London School of Economics, describes the recent efforts of the United Kingdom (UK) to end child poverty by 2020. Over the last decade, the UK government carried out an ambitious and multifaceted anti-poverty campaign – with significant results as they reduced child poverty by more than half. Remarkably, their success in reducing child poverty continued even during the recession, as child poverty fell again in the last year – in sharp contrast to the pattern for the US, where child poverty has now reached its highest level in 20 years.
Uploaded by stevebutton on 06/12/2011
Digital publication details: 15 pages.
The book examines India?s experience with poverty reduction in a period of rapid economic growth. Marshalling evidence from multiple sources of survey data and drawing on new methods, the book asks how India?s structural transformation - from rural to urban, and from agriculture to nonfarm sectors - is impacting poverty.
Uploaded by world.bank.publications on 05/05/2011
Digital publication details: 296 pages.
There is a need for an integration of child poverty impact assessments at a Welsh national level. This Child Poverty Proofing Tool or Child Poverty Impact Assessment has been developed from the Irish Office for Social Inclusion's “Poverty Impact Assessment” guidelines, as a part of the work of Child Poverty Solutions. It has been developed to assist organisations to ensure that child poverty is considered in policy development and service delivery.
Uploaded by cpsproject on 09/23/2010
Digital publication details: 22 pages.
An estimated 1.2 billion people rely on forests for some part of their livelihoods. However, the importance of forests is often overlooked in national development processes such as poverty reduction strategies due to inadequate evidence documenting how forests sustain the poor. To build better knowledge on this critical relationship, PROFOR developed a “Poverty-Forests Linkages Toolkit” to facilitate relevant data collection and analysis.
Uploaded by profor on 08/17/2009
Digital publication details: 141 pages.