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Economic Impacts of Sanitation in Southeast Asia
This study examines the major health, water, environmental, tourism and other welfare impacts associated with poor sanitation in Cambodia, Indonesia, the Philippines and Vietnam. The study is based on evidence from other investigations, surveys and databases. By examining the economic impacts of poor sanitation, and the potential gains from improved sanitation, this study provides important evidence to support further investment in sanitation. The goal of this report is to show decision-makers at the country and regional levels how the negative impacts of poor sanitation can be mitigated by investing in improved sanitation.
Uploaded by christinadianparmionova on 08/05/2012
Digital publication details: 149 pages.

Sanitation Finance in Rural Cambodia
World Bank Water and Sanitation Program (WSP). February 2012 - This document presents the findings of a study on sanitation finance in Cambodia. This guidance note contains an introduction on sanitation financing and subsidies, stating the cases for subsidies as well as some of their practical pitfalls. The study used data (as of late 2009) from two case studies of rural sanitation finance in Cambodia to illustrate the practical issues, supplemented by preliminary data from two sanitation marketing projects. The study also examined the potential use and effectiveness of (hardware) subsidies, conditional cash transfers (CCTs), and other financing approaches relevant for sanitation improvement. The document ends with recommendations for improved sanitation finance, including practical suggestions for sanitation programs in Cambodia.
Uploaded by christinadianparmionova on 08/07/2012
Digital publication details: 62 pages.

Water and Sanitation in the World’s Cities: Local Action for Global Goals
The world’s governments agreed at the Millennium Summit to halve the number of people who lack access to safe water, mainly in the world’s cities, by 2015. With rapidly growing urban populations the challenge is immense. Water and Sanitation in the World’s Cities is a comprehensive and authoritative assessment of the problems and how they can be addressed. This influential publication by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-HABITAT) sets out in detail the scale of inadequate provision of water and sanitation. It describes the impacts on health and economic performance, showing the potential gains of remedial action; it analyses the proximate and underlying causes of poor provision and identifies information gaps affecting resource allocation; it outlines the consequences of further deterioration; and it explains how resources and institutional capacities – public, private and community – can be used to deliver proper services through integrated water resource management.
Uploaded by unhabitat on 07/06/2003
Digital publication details: 305 pages.

Meeting Development Goals in Small Urban Centres - Water and Sanitation in the World's Cities 2006
This is the second UN-HABITAT global report on Water and Sanitation in the World's Cities. This publication looks at small urban centres which tend to be overlooked, however theyaare the first tier markets and service providers for rural enterprise and development. Attaining the MDGs overall will depend to a large extent on how we can strengthen the prospects of local economic development and improve the living and working conditions of small towns and cities which, in turn, depend on access to clean water and improved sanitation. This publication has a pivotal role to play in global and local thinking on service provision, and a critical contribution to the road map to meeting the MDGs
Uploaded by unhabitat on 01/09/2006
Digital publication details: 296 pages.

Long Term Sustainability of Improved Sanitation in Rural Bangladesh
World Bank Water and Sanitation Program (WSP). April 2011 - This research brief summarizes some of the key findings and main lessons extracted from the Bangladesh experience with the Community-Led Total Sanitation (CLTS) approach. The document also provides some insights for future programming which includes considerations for governments and sector professionals to sustain sanitation programming and behaviour change at scale.
Uploaded by christinadianparmionova on 08/07/2012
Digital publication details: 4 pages.

Policy and Sector Reform to Accelerate Access to Improved Rural Sanitation
This document synthesizes key findings, conclusions, and recommendations from country specific endline assessment reports from India, Indonesia, and Tanzania to provide guidance and insight to other countries seeking to create large-scale sustainable rural sanitation programs.
Uploaded by christinadianparmionova on 08/07/2012
Digital publication details: 54 pages.

Financing On-Site Sanitation for the Poor.
World Bank Water and Sanitation Program (WSP). 2010 - This research seeks to identify the best-performing approaches and the relevant factors and issues to consider in designing a sanitation financing strategy. The report offers guidance to sector professionals developing on-site sanitation projects and programs, which play a leading role in providing access to sanitation. The study compares alternative financing approaches based on a set of common indicators, including in terms of the effectiveness in the use of public funds and targeting. The report also shows that households are key investors in on-site sanitation, and careful project design and implementation can maximize their involvement, satisfaction, and financial investment. The study covers six cases from Bangladesh, Ecuador, India, Mozambique, Senegal and Vietnam.
Uploaded by christinadianparmionova on 08/14/2012
Digital publication details: 172 pages.

The Challenge of Financing Sanitation for Meeting the Millennium Development Goals
World Bank Water and Sanitation Program (WSP). 2004 - In addressing the challenge of financing sanitation, this paper explores three strategic issues: (a) ways to find effective strategies and funding mechanisms for sanitation promotion while ensuring rapid service expansion, (b) ways to leverage household, community, local government and other market based resources for the sector while ensuring demand responsive approaches, (c) ways to (re)design public finance strategies for sanitation which focus on identifying: approaches for accelerating sustainable sanitation access, institutional mandates, sources of finance and financing mechanisms, trade-offs in allocation and performance of monitoring systems. These issues are developed using examples and case studies from several countries. The paper concludes with actions required by key stakeholders.
Uploaded by christinadianparmionova on 08/09/2012
Digital publication details: 35 pages.

Institutional Changes required to achieve the MDG target on Sanitation
This report presents the institutional progress made in selected member countries towards achieving sanitation goals. Institutional progress consists of changes in administrative, legal and financial rules and practices that have been made with sanitation goals in mind. It also includes the “slow-moving” institutions, which are social norms and practices, general awareness of the public and the ensuing demand for sanitation services. In terms of administrative changes, the survey revealed that nine out of thirteen countries have created a sanitation coordination mechanism at the national level. Many governments have also undertaken legal reform, integrating sanitation into existing development plans or introducing decentralization laws that pass authority for sanitation to local governments. Few countries, however, have taken the needed step of providing adequate financial resources to local authorities, so that they can start investing in their jurisdictions.
Uploaded by christinadianparmionova on 08/05/2012
Digital publication details: 54 pages.

Improving Transparency, Integrity, and Accountability in Water Supply and Sanitation
This volume will serve as a useful tool for those who wish to diagnose, analyze, and take action against systemic corruption in the water and sanitation sectors. On a global scale, more than 1 billion people live without access to safe, potable water, in part because of poor governance and corruption. Illegal connections and substantial losses caused by deferred maintenance have eroded the revenues of water utilities, leading to a downward spiral in performance.
Uploaded by on 05/06/2009
Digital publication details: 200 pages.
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