With the impact of the recent financial crises, more attention must be given to new models in finance rejecting “Black-Scholes-Samuelson” assumptions leading to what is called non-Gaussian finance. With the growing importance of Solvency II, Basel II and III regulatory rules for insurance companies and banks, value at risk (VaR) – one of the most popular risk indicator techniques plays a fundamental role in defining appropriate levels of equities. The aim of this book is to show how new VaR techniques can be built more appropriately for a crisis situation.VaR methodology for non-Gaussian finance looks at the importance of VaR in standard international rules for banks and insurance companies; gives the first non-Gaussian extensions of VaR and applies several basic statistical theories to extend classical results of VaR techniques such as the NP approximation, the Cornish-Fisher approximation, extreme and a Pareto distribution. Several non-Gaussian models using Copula methodology, Lévy processes along with particular attention to models with jumps such as the Merton model are presented; as are the consideration of time homogeneous and non-homogeneous Markov and semi-Markov processes and for each of these models. Contents 1. Use of Value-at-Risk (VaR) Techniques for Solvency II, Basel II and III.2. Classical Value-at-Risk (VaR) Methods.3. VaR Extensions from Gaussian Finance to Non-Gaussian Finance.4. New VaR Methods of Non-Gaussian Finance.5. Non-Gaussian Finance: Semi-Markov Models.
Published by: Wiley-ISTE | Publication date: 05/06/2013Kindle book details: Kindle Edition, 177 pages
Analysis of functions on the finite dimensional Euclidean space with respect to the Lebesgue measure is fundamental in mathematics. The extension to infinite dimension is a great challenge due to the lack of Lebesgue measure on infinite dimensional space. Instead the most popular measure used in infinite dimensional space is the Gaussian measure, which has been unified under the terminology of "abstract Wiener space".Out of the large amount of work on this topic, this book presents some fundamental results plus recent progress. We shall present some results on the Gaussian space itself such as the Brunn–Minkowski inequality, Small ball estimates, large tail estimates. The majority part of this book is devoted to the analysis of nonlinear functions on the Gaussian space. Derivative, Sobolev spaces are introduced, while the famous Poincaré inequality, logarithmic inequality, hypercontractive inequality, Meyer's inequality, Littlewood–Paley–Stein–Meyer theory are given in details.This book includes some basic material that cannot be found elsewhere that the author believes should be an integral part of the subject. For example, the book includes some interesting and important inequalities, the Littlewood–Paley–Stein–Meyer theory, and the Hörmander theorem. The book also includes some recent progress achieved by the author and collaborators on density convergence, numerical solutions, local times.
Published by: WSPC | Publication date: 08/30/2016Kindle book details: Kindle Edition, 484 pages
Geared toward college seniors and first-year graduate students, this text is designed for a one-semester course in probability and stochastic processes. Topics covered in detail include probability theory, random variables and their functions, stochastic processes, linear system response to stochastic processes, Gaussian and Markov processes, and stochastic differential equations. 1973 edition.
Published by: Dover Publications | Publication date: 09/18/2013Kindle book details: Kindle Edition, 420 pages
Non-Gaussian Statistical Communication Theory (IEEE Series on Digital & Mobile Communication Book 33)
The book is based on the observation that communication is the central operation of discovery in all the sciences. In its "active mode" we use it to "interrogate" the physical world, sending appropriate "signals" and receiving nature's "reply". In the "passive mode" we receive nature's signals directly. Since we never know a prioriwhat particular return signal will be forthcoming, we must necessarily adopt a probabilistic model of communication. This has developed over the approximately seventy years since it's beginning, into a Statistical Communication Theory (or SCT). Here it is the set or ensemble of possible results which is meaningful. From this ensemble we attempt to construct in the appropriate model format, based on our understanding of the observed physical data and on the associated statistical mechanism, analytically represented by suitable probability measures. Since its inception in the late '30's of the last century, and in particular subsequent to World War II, SCT has grown into a major field of study. As we have noted above, SCT is applicable to all branches of science. The latter itself is inherently and ultimately probabilistic at all levels. Moreover, in the natural world there is always a random background "noise" as well as an inherent a priori uncertainty in the presentation of deterministic observations, i.e. those which are specifically obtained, a posteriori. The purpose of the book is to introduce Non-Gaussian statistical communication theory and demonstrate how the theory improves probabilistic model. The book was originally planed to include 24 chapters as seen in the table of preface. Dr. Middleton completed first 10 chapters prior to his passing in 2008. Bibliography which represents remaining chapters are put together by the author's close colleagues; Drs. Vincent Poor, Leon Cohen and John Anderson. email [email protected] to request Ch.10
Published by: Wiley-IEEE Press | Publication date: 05/11/2012Kindle book details: Kindle Edition, 664 pages
First derived within the context of life-testing, inverse Gaussian distribution has become one of the most important and widely employed distributions, and is often used to model the lifetimes of components. It is also used as a model in many varied applications, including fatigue analysis, economic prediction analysis, and the analysis of extreme events such as rainfall and flood levels. The interesting features and properties of this distribution make it an important and realistic model in a variety of problems across numerous disciplines.Because of the broad range of applications, this handbook will be useful not only to members of the statistical community but will also appeal to applied scientists, engineers, econometricians, and anyone who desires a thorough evaluation of this important topic.
Published by: Routledge | Publication date: 11/22/2017Kindle book details: Kindle Edition, 704 pages
The purpose of this handbook is to provide comprehensive tables of percentage points of the inverse Gaussian distribution. There is no other publication available today which condenses these tables - to such extent-in a concise, straightforward manner. The inverse Gaussian distribution is not only important for determining boundary crossing probabilities of Brownian Motion, which probabilities determine the operating characteristics of many sequential sampling procedures in statistics. It is also used in quality control procedures. This one-of-a-kind work includes a brief introductory section which outlines the inverse Gaussian distribution and explains the tables. The tables are produced in a fine grid of cumulative probabilities, and uses the closed form expression for the cumulative distribution function. This easy-to-use table reference also includes an excellent discussion of searching ordered tables. This handbook is a helpful, indispensable guide for all who are involved with statistics, mathematics, and computers. Mechanical engineers and physicists will find it useful also.
Published by: CRC Press | Publication date: 01/18/2018Kindle book details: Kindle Edition, 306 pages
Stochastic Analysis of Mixed Fractional Gaussian Processes presents the main tools necessary to characterize Gaussian processes. The book focuses on the particular case of the linear combination of independent fractional and sub-fractional Brownian motions with different Hurst indices. Stochastic integration with respect to these processes is considered, as is the study of the existence and uniqueness of solutions of related SDE's. Applications in finance and statistics are also explored, with each chapter supplying a number of exercises to illustrate key concepts.
- Presents both mixed fractional and sub-fractional Brownian motions
- Provides an accessible description for mixed fractional gaussian processes that is ideal for Master's and PhD students
- Includes different Hurst indices
Published by: ISTE Press - Elsevier | Publication date: 05/26/2018Kindle book details: Kindle Edition, 201 pages
Physical Biology of the Cell is a textbook for a first course in physical biology or biophysics for undergraduate or graduate students. It maps the huge and complex landscape of cell and molecular biology from the distinct perspective of physical biology. As a key organizing principle, the proximity of topics is based on the physical concepts that unite a given set of biological phenomena. Herein lies the central premise: that the appropriate application of a few fundamental physical models can serve as the foundation of whole bodies of quantitative biological intuition, useful across a wide range of biological problems. The Second Edition features full-color illustrations throughout, two new chapters, a significantly expanded set of end-of-chapter problems, and is available in a variety of e-book formats.
Published by: Garland Science | Publication date: 10/29/2012Kindle book details: Kindle Edition, 1088 pages
The second edition enhanced with new chapters, figures, and appendices to cover the new developments in applied mathematical functions This book examines the topics of applied mathematical functions to problems that engineers and researchers solve daily in the course of their work. The text covers set theory, combinatorics, random variables, discrete and continuous probability, distribution functions, convergence of random variables, computer generation of random variates, random processes and stationarity concepts with associated autocovariance and cross covariance functions, estimation theory and Wiener and Kalman filtering ending with two applications of probabilistic methods. Probability tables with nine decimal place accuracy and graphical Fourier transform tables are included for quick reference. The author facilitates understanding of probability concepts for both students and practitioners by presenting over 450 carefully detailed figures and illustrations, and over 350 examples with every step explained clearly and some with multiple solutions. Additional features of the second edition of Probability and Random Processes are:
- Updated chapters with new sections on Newton-Pepys’ problem; Pearson, Spearman, and Kendal correlation coefficients; adaptive estimation techniques; birth and death processes; and renewal processes with generalizations
- A new chapter on Probability Modeling in Teletraffic Engineering written by Kavitha Chandra
- An eighth appendix examining the computation of the roots of discrete probability-generating functions
Published by: Wiley | Publication date: 07/15/2015Kindle book details: Kindle Edition, 512 pages
JMP 14 Predictive and Specialized Modeling provides details about modeling techniques such as partitioning, neural networks, nonlinear regression, and time series analysis. Topics include the Gaussian platform, which is useful in analyzing computer simulation experiments. The book also covers the Response Screening platform, which is useful in testing the effect of a predictor when you have many responses.
Published by: SAS Institute | Publication date: 08/21/2018Kindle book details: Kindle Edition, 456 pages