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Exploring Knowledge Work Practices and Evolution in Distributed Networks of Practice

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This paper derives from a longitudinal study conducted in a multinational company. Through an interpretive case study approach, we have explored the phenomenon of knowledge networking in distributed work. More specifically, we have focused on the evolution patterns in a particular knowledge networking structure denoted as distributed networks of practice. The paper conceptualizes this kind of network of practice as an information and communication technology (ICT) facilitated dynamic relationship of participants that are geographically and temporally dispersed from one another, and who are sharing and creating knowledge related to their daily work practices and business problems. Three different categories of networks were identified 1) problem solving networks, 2) business improvement networks, and 3) innovation networks. Findings demonstrate that the networks evolved differently over time, and the study identified four distinct evolution patterns comprising 1) devolution in terms...
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 01/24/2010
Digital publication details: 10 pages.

Exploring the Role of Boundary Spanning in Distributed Networks of Knowledge

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume10...
Knowledge sharing and creation are considered key processes leading to innovation and organizational performance. Several organizational initiatives have focused on building communities of practice in order to create a platform where employees can share experiences and insights. The focus in this paper is on one type of network structure, termed distributed networks of knowledge (DNoK). The success of such practices is deeply linked to whether or not formalization of the networks can hamper their knowledge creation and creativity. The role of leadership has been extensively discussed in the setting of communities of practice. However, this paper intends to shed new light on the topic by exploring the boundary management perspective in order to enable knowledge sharing and creation within this specific context of DNoK. To this end, we have examined the role of leadership styles in different DNoKs in a multinational firm.
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 04/09/2012
Digital publication details: 10 pages.

Limitations of Network Analysis for Studying Efficiency and Effectiveness of Knowledge Sharing

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Knowledge sharing is an important part of an employee's tasks as it is one of the mechanisms through which they learn and innovate. Sharing of knowledge typically occurs in the informal networks in the organization by means of social interaction. Several authors have proposed to use social network analysis to study the knowledge sharing relations in organizations to identify potential barriers concerning knowledge sharing. Although social network analysis has been applied in several cases, it has not been evaluated if this approach results in reliable results in terms of findings problems related to knowledge sharing. One might for instance find an isolated person with network analysis, but given the context this might not be necessary a problem. The goal of this research is to validate the use of social network analysis to study knowledge networks. We have selected one particular technique, called Knowledge Network Analysis, to evaluate in this research. The Knowledge Network...
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 01/24/2010
Digital publication details: 16 pages.

Managing Structural Diversity: the Case of Boundary Spanning Networks

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume5-...
This paper reports from an interpretive case study conducted in a multinational company that operates in the . marine insurance industry. The study focuses on how structural diversity influences knowledge work activities performed by participants who are members of distributed networks of practice (DNoPs). In this paper, a DNoP is defined as a loosely knit, geographically dispersed group of participants who share knowledge with the purpose of solving business problems and improve daily work practices within an organization. The paper takes the view that dimensions of structural diversity such as geographical dispersion, business functions and business divisions define internal organizational boundaries. Thus, knowledge sharing in structurally diverse networks may be less efficient due to the barriers that these internal boundaries may cause. Structural diversity, however, may also enhance creativity and innovation where radical new insights arise from different perspectives...
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 01/29/2008
Digital publication details: 12 pages.

Synthesis of Non-Replicated Dynamic FragmentAllocation Algorithm in Distributed DatabaseSystems

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Distributed databases have become the most essential technology for recent business organizations. In most of the cases Distributed Databases are developed in a Bottom- Up approach, fragmentation exists beforehand. The optimum allocation of those fragments is the only way, which can be exploited by the designers to increase the performance, efficiency, reliability and availability of the Distributed Database in the realistic dynamic environment, where the access probabilities of nodes to fragments change over time. In this paper, a new dynamic fragment allocation algorithm is proposed in Non-Replicated allocation scenario, which incorporates the time constraints of database accesses, volume threshold and the volume of data transmitted in successive time intervals to dynamically reallocate fragments to sites at runtime in accordance with the changing access patterns.
Uploaded by ideseditor on 01/15/2013
Digital publication details: 6 pages.

Knowledge use and Sharing into a Medical Community of Practice; the Role of Virtual Agents...

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume10...
Knowledge-oriented organizations are bricks for the knowledge-based society construction. Building knowledge-based society and economy suppose challenging transition processes from the classical structure of an organization to new organizational forms that help to fill the gap between actual society and the future knowledge-based society and economy. This transition generates new issues in knowledge creation and sharing processes, related to the particularities of the new organizational forms. Therefore, in the last few years, our researches are oriented to developing and testing a number of forms of organization designed to facilitate an efficient and effective transition toward the knowledge-based society, like communities of practice, (virtual) networks of professionals or knowledge ecosystems (KE). Under this general frame, this paper presents the results of our research aiming to capture the necessary changes that a medical organization specialized in rehabilitation (the...
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 12/31/1969
Digital publication details: 18 pages.

Loss Reduction by Optimal Placement of DistributedGeneration on a Radial feeder

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Due to the increasing interest on renewable sources in recent times, the studies on integration of distributed generation to the power grid have rapidly increased. In order to minimize line losses of power systems, it is crucially important to define the location of local generation to be placed. Proper location of DGs in power systems is important for obtaining their maximum potential benefits. This paper presents analytical approaches to determine the optimal location to place a DG on radial systems to minimize the power loss of the system. Simulation results are given to verify the proposed analytical approaches.
Uploaded by ideseditor on 01/15/2013
Digital publication details: 6 pages.

Global Social Knowledge Management: From Barriers to the Selection of Social Tools

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume11...
Web 2.0 and Social Software revolutionize the knowledge exchange within and between organizations. This is one of the claims consultants and software vendors in the field have made. But have the promises been kept and has evidence been achieved so far, in particular for knowledge management in globally distributed settings? As a starting point, our paper introduces the field of Global Social Knowledge Management (GSKM). We see this area as one of the main research area for future research in the Knowledge Management domain. A variety of social software applications have already been seen promising and incorporated into the context of knowledge management (Avram 2006; Zheng and Zheng 2010; Levy 2009). One main assumption is that social software could bridge the traditional gap between human- and technology orientation (Avram 2006:1; Fiedler & Welpe 2011). However, there is so far only anecdotal evidence how these applications work in globally distributed organizational settings....
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 02/19/2013
Digital publication details: 15 pages.

Intellectual Capital Based Evaluation Framework for Dynamic Distributed Software Development

issuu.com/academic-conferences.org/docs/ejkm-volume14...
Abstract: This article presents constructing of an evaluation framework for dynamic distributed software development (DDSD). The topic examines building the capabilities, evaluating the efficiency and scaling up the performance of globally distributed software development teams in environments that demand high operational excellence, innovativeness and other intellectual properties. Three universities and four ICT service and software companies in Finland collaborate on a research project, DD-SCALE (2014-2016). The project objectives are to investigate and develop measurement solutions, tools and work practices for managing and evaluating DDSD work. The challenge of harnessing human and social capital assets for scaling high-performing teams to fit with high-performing organizations is addressed. The research began with an explorative phase for designing the preliminary concept of the evaluation framework which further defined the research questions. The increased knowledge of...
Uploaded by academic-conferences.org on 12/31/1969
Digital publication details: 14 pages.

Journal of Computer Science December 2011

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The International Journal of Computer Science and Information Security (IJCSIS) is a well-established publication venue on novel research in computer science and information security. The year 2010 has been very eventful and encouraging for all IJCSIS authors/researchers and IJCSIS technical committee, as we see more and more interest in IJCSIS research publications. IJCSIS is now empowered by over thousands of academics, researchers, authors/reviewers/students and research organizations. Reaching this milestone would not have been possible without the support, feedback, and continuous engagement of our authors and reviewers.
Uploaded by ijcsiseditor on 12/29/2010
Digital publication details: 400 pages.
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