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Environmental Organic Chemistry

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Examines in a pedagogical way all pertinent molecular and macroscopic processes that govern the distribution and fate of organic chemicals in the environment and provides simple modeling tools to quantitatively describe these processes and their interplay in a given environmental system Treats fundamental aspects of chemistry, physics, and mathematical modeling as applied to environmentally relevant problems, and gives a state of the art account of the field Teaches the reader how to relate the structure of a given chemical to its physical chemical properties and intrinsic reactivities Provides a holistic and teachable treatment of phase partitioning and transformation processes, as well as a more focused and tailor-made presentation of physical, mathematical, and modeling aspects that apply to environmental situations of concern Includes a large number of questions and problems allowing teachers to explore the depth of understanding of their students or allowing individuals who use the book for self-study to check their progress  Provides a companion website, which includes solutions for all problems as well as a large compilation of physical constants and compound properties
Category: Science. ISBN: 9781118767238

Keynotes in Organic Chemistry

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The development of university organic chemistry curricula and the trend towards modularisation of chemistry courses has driven the need for smaller, highly focussed and accessible organic chemistry textbooks, which complement the very detailed “standard texts”, to guide students through the key principles of the subject. This concise and accessible book provides organic chemistry notes for students studying chemistry and related courses at undergraduate level, covering core organic chemistry in a format ideal for learning and rapid revision. The material is organised so that fundamental concepts are introduced early, then built on to provide an overview of the essentials of functional group chemistry and reactivity, leading the student to a solid understanding of the basics of organic chemistry. Graphical presentation of information is central to the book, to facilitate the rapid assimilation, understanding and recall of critical concepts, facts and definitions. Students wanting a comprehensive and accessible overview of organic chemistry to build the necessary foundations for a more detailed study will find this book an ideal source of the information they require. In addition, the structured presentation, highly graphical nature of the text and practice problems with outline answers will provide an invaluable framework and aid to revision for students preparing for examinations.
Category: Science. ISBN: 9780632058167

Advanced Organic Chemistry

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The control of reactivity to achieve specific syntheses is one of the overarching goals of organic chemistry. In the decade since the publication of the third edition, major advances have been made in the development of efficient new methods, particularly catalytic processes, and in means for control of reaction stereochemistry. This volume assumes a level of familiarity with structural and mechanistic concepts comparable to that in the companion volume, Part A, Structures and Mechanisms . Together, the two volumes are intended to provide the advanced undergraduate or beginning graduate student in chemistry with a sufficient foundation to comprehend and use the research literature in organic chemistry. The New Revised 5th Edition will be available shortly. For details, click on the link in the right-hand column.
Category: Science. ISBN: 9780306462443

Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry

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Detailing the latest rules and international practice, this new volume can be considered a guide to the essential organic chemical nomenclature, commonly described as the "Blue Book".
Category: Reference. ISBN: 9780854041824

Organic Chemistry Study Guide

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Boost Your grades with this illustrated quick-study guide. You will use it from an undergraduate school all the way to medical school. Audience. Intended for everyone interested in nutrition, particularly undergraduate and graduate life science students, medical students, nursing, and dental students. Detailed description of classes on nutrients: carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins. Description of essential fatty acids and amino acids. Detailed description of vitamins and minerals. Anatomical diagrams. Guidelines for nutrient consumption. BMI, Body fat, and BMR calculations. Diets and exercise. Table of Contents. Nutrition: History Nutrients Amino acids Vitamins Fatty acids Sugars Intestinal bacterial flora Phytochemicals Longevity Heart disease Industry. Carbohydrates: Monosaccharides Sugar Disaccharide Oligosaccharide Polysaccharide Starch Glycogen Gluconeogenesis. Lipids (fats): Fatty Acids Fatty Acid Degradation Fatty Acid Synthesis Triglyceride Waxes Phospholipids Cholesterol Essential fatty acids. Lipoproteins: Chylomicron HDL LDL IDL VLDL Lp(a). of Fat in Food: Saturated fat Unsaturated fat: Monounsaturated fat Polyunsaturated fat Trans fats. Proteins: Amino acid Peptide Primary structure Secondary structure Tertiary structure Protein folding Protein Degradation List of Standard Amino Acids Essential amino acids. Essential nutrients: Vitamins Minerals Essential fatty acids Essential amino acids. Vitamins: History Human vitamins Nutrition Deficiencies Overdose Supplements Nomenclature Phytochemicals. soluble: Thiamin (B1) Riboflavin (B2) Niacin (B3) Pantothenic acid (B5) Pyridoxine (B6) Biotin (B7 or H) Folic acid (B9) Cyanocobalamin (B12) Choline Ascorbic acid (C). Fat soluble: Retinoids (A) Ergocalciferol and Cholecalciferol (D) Tocopherol (E) Naphthoquinone (K). Minerals: Bulk Trace Food sources. Guidelines for Nutrient Consumption: Calorie Traditional Food Pyramid MyPyramid Serving size Reference Daily Intake Dietary Reference Intake Food labeling Nutritional Facts Panel. Body Weight: BMI Body fat percentage Basal metabolic rate Obesity. Appetite: Regulation Effector Sensor Role in disease Pharmacology Appetite suppressant. Dieting: Types History Thermoregulation Exercise Fat loss versus muscle loss Energy obtained from food Proper nutrition How the body gets rid of fat Psychological aspects Weight loss groups. Popular diets: Low-fat Atkins (low-carbohydrate) Natural Vegetarian Very Low Calorie. Dangers: Diet pills Yo-yo dieting Dangers of fasting Side effects. Veganism: Definition Motivations Cuisine Health effects. Vegetarianism: Terminology Diet History Motivations Health effects Demographics Nutrition. Exercise: Benefits Common myths Targeted fat reduction Muscle and fat tissue Abdominal muscles Excessive exercis
Category: Science. ISBN: 160501074X

Organic Chemistry Concepts

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Organic Chemistry Concepts: An EFL Approach provides an introductory overview of the subject, to enable the reader to understand many critical, experimental facts. Designed to cover a single-semester course or a needed review on the principles of Organic Chemistry, the book is written and organized for readers whose first language is not English. Approximately 80% of the words used are drawn from the list of the 2,000 most common English words; the remaining 20% includes necessary technical words, common chemistry terms, and well-known academic words (per the Academic Word List). The book has been class-tested internationally as well as with native English speakers, and differs from other introductory textbooks in the subject both in its coverage and organization, with a particular focus on common problem areas. Focused on a limited number of functional classes, Organic Chemistry Concepts: An EFL Approach introduces those organic compounds early in the book. Once readers have a foundation of the concepts and language of organic chemistry, they can build from that knowledge and work with relatively complex molecules, such as some natural product types covered in a later chapter. The book describes basic level reaction mechanisms when instructive, and illustrations throughout to emphasize the 3D nature of organic chemistry. The book includes multiple pedagogical features, such as chapter questions and useful appendices, to support reader comprehension. Covers all primary concepts in accessible language and pedagogical features, worked examples, glossary, chapter questions, illustrations, and useful summaries Builds a foundation of key material through a structured framework from which readers can expand their understanding Contains class-tested content written in a straightforward and accessible manner for non-native English speakers
Category: Science. ISBN: 9780128016992

CliffsQuickReview Organic Chemistry II

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CliffsQuickReview course guides cover the essentials of your toughest classes. You're sure to get a firm grip on core concepts and key material and be ready for the test with this guide at your side. Whether you're new to biosynthesis, integrated metabolism, and the molecular cloning of DNA or just brushing up on those topics, CliffsQuickReview Organic Chemistry II can help. This guide introduces each topic, defines key terms, and walks you through each sample problem step-by-step. In no time, you'll be ready to tackle other concepts in this book such as The reactions of aromatic compounds Aldol, cross-aldol, and ketonic aldol condensation Ester formation Oxidation Mass spectra CliffsQuickReview Organic Chemistry II acts as a supplement to your textbook and to classroom lectures. Use this reference in any way that fits your personal style for study and review you decide what works best with your needs. You can either read the book from cover to cover or just look for the information you want and put it back on the shelf for later. What's more, you can Get a glimpse of what you'll gain from a chapter by reading through the introduction at the beginning of each chapter Study your formulas in the Summary of Preparations or the Summary of Reactions Use the glossary to find key terms fast. With titles available for all the most popular high school and college courses, CliffsQuickReview guides are a comprehensive resource that can help you get the best possible grades.
Category: Science. ISBN: 9780764586163

Biotransformations in Organic Chemistry

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The use of natural catalysts - enzymes - for the transformation of non-natural is not at all new: they have been used for more man-made organic compounds than one hundred years, employed either as whole cells, cell organelles or isolated enzymes [1]. Certainly, the object of most of the early research was totally different from that of the present day. Thus the elucidation of biochemical pathways and enzyme mechanisms was in the foreground of the reasearch some decades ago. It was mainly during the 1980s that the enormous potential of applying natural catalysts to transform non-natural organic compounds was recognized. What started as a trend in the late 1970s could almost be called a fashion in synthetic organic chemistry in the 1990s. Although the early euphoria during the 'gold rush' in this field seems to have eased somewhat, there is still no limit to be seen for the future development of such methods. As a result of this extensive, recent research, there have been an estimated 5000 papers published on the subject [2]. To collate these data as a kind of 'super-review' would clearly be an impossible task and, furthermore, such a hypothetical book would be unpalatable for the non-expert.
Category: Technology. ISBN: 9783540557623

Organic Chemistry in Action

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The first edition of this book was welcomed with great enthusiasm by teachers and students. It therefore seemed opportune to publish a second, revised, updated and extended edition. Unfortunately, Professor Flix Serratosa died before he could complete this task. Some new material has been added, the more significant changes being: 1) The book has been restructured into two well-differentiated sections: Part A, dealing with conventional organic synthesis, and Part B, devoted exclusively to computer-assisted organic synthesis and based on the former Chapter 11 and Appendices 2, 3 and 4 of the first edition. As decided in advance, Part B was to be the sole responsibility of Dr. Josep Xicart, who prepared the first versions of the CHAOS (Computerisation and Heuristics Applied to Organic Synthesis) program under the direction of Professor Serratosa. 2) In Chapter 1, emphasis is placed on new objectives and targets, as well as on the role that organic synthesis should play in the future in new areas of supramolecular chemistry and bioorganic chemistry. 3) A more extended discussion on synthetic methods and strategies based on radical carbon-carbon bond-forming reactions has been included (Chapter 7). 4) Some new examples to illustrate the heuristic principles have been incorporated (Chapter 4). 5) The chapter on alicyclic stereoselection has been split into two chapters (9 and 10). Chapter 10, which is exclusively devoted to Sharpless's asymmetric epoxidation and dihyroxylation, has been written de novo . The most recent advances in catalytic stereoselective aldol are incorporated in Chapter 9. 6) In Chapter 11, which is new, the aim is to firstly, present a panoramic view of the most important methods for preparation of optically pure compounds in industrial scale (chirotechnology) and secondly, to give a brief insight into the new biological synthetic methodologies, such as the use of enzymes and catalytic monoclonal antibodies or abzymes , which are becoming more and more important and familiar to the synthetic organic chemist. 7) The chapter dealing with examples of retrosynthetic analysis and the corresponding total synthesis has been enlarged and includes new syntheses of natural products (Chapter 13). 8) The former Chapter 11 and Appendices 2, 3 and 4 devoted to computer assisted organic synthesis have been rewritten and constitute now Part B of the book. The following changes have been introduced: i) CHAOS version 3.0 for Macintosh and version 1.0 for PC Windows substitute CHAOS version 2.0 for IBM PC and compatibles, ii) The corresponding Instruction Manuals and Disconnection Tables of these new versions are included, iii) two 3 inch diskettes with the new versions of CHAOS and CHAOSDBASE replace the diskette of version 2.0, iv) a new Appendix (Appendix B-1) with a brief introduction to Ugi's Theory of Constitutional Chemistry and to the programs EROS and IGOR has also been added. 9) The main improvements in CHAOS version 3.0
Category: Science. ISBN: 9780444819352

Ion-Radical Organic Chemistry

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Consolidating knowledge from a number of disciplines, Ion-Radical Organic Chemistry: Principles and Applications, Second Edition presents the recent changes that have occurred in the field since the publication of the first edition in 2003. This volume examines the formation, transformation, and application of ion-radicals in typical conditions of organic synthesis. Avoiding complex mathematics, the author explains the principles of ion-radical organic chemistry and presents an overview of organic ion-radical reactions. He reviews methods of determining ion-radical mechanisms and controlling ion-radical reactions. Wherever applicable, the text addresses issues relating to ecology and biomedical concerns as well as inorganic participants of the ion-radical organic reactions. After reviewing the nature of organic ion-radicals and their ground-state electronic structure, the book discusses their formation, the relationship between electronic structure and reactivity, mechanism and regulation of reactions, stereochemical aspects, synthetic opportunities, and practical applications. Additional topics include electronic and opto-electronic devices, organic magnets and conductors, lubricants, other materials, and reactions of industrial or biomedical importance. The book concludes by providing an outlook on possible future development in this field. Researchers and practitioners engaged in active work on synthetic or mechanistic organic chemistry and its practical applications will find this text to be invaluable in both its scope and its depth.
Category: Science. ISBN: 9780849390685
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