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Granular Computing

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This book is about Granular Computing (GC) - an emerging conceptual and of information processing. As the name suggests, GC concerns computing paradigm processing of complex information entities - information granules. In essence, information granules arise in the process of abstraction of data and derivation of knowledge from information. Information granules are everywhere. We commonly use granules of time (seconds, months, years). We granulate images; millions of pixels manipulated individually by computers appear to us as granules representing physical objects. In natural language, we operate on the basis of word-granules that become crucial entities used to realize interaction and communication between humans. Intuitively, we sense that information granules are at the heart of all our perceptual activities. In the past, several formal frameworks and tools, geared for processing specific information granules, have been proposed. Interval analysis, rough sets, fuzzy sets have all played important role in knowledge representation and processing. Subsequently, information granulation and information granules arose in numerous application domains. Well-known ideas of rule-based systems dwell inherently on information granules. Qualitative modeling, being one of the leading threads of AI, operates on a level of information granules. Multi-tier architectures and hierarchical systems (such as those encountered in control engineering), planning and scheduling systems all exploit information granularity. We also utilize information granules when it comes to functionality granulation, reusability of information and efficient ways of developing underlying information infrastructures.
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9781402072734

Business Computing

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Betriebswirtschaftliche Probleme knnen oft nur mit Hilfe geeigneter Softwareprodukte gelst werden. Das vorliegende Buch fhrt den Leser umfassend in das Gebiet des Business Computing ein. Nach einer grundlegenden Darstellung der Funktionsweise von Computer und Betriebssystem werden u.a. die generischen Aspekte der Standardsoftware behandelt. Der Leser wird weitgehend unabhngig von proprietrer Software mit der Anwendung von Textverarbeitung (einschlielich einfacher Internetapplikationen), Tabellenkalkulation und Datenbank-Management-Systemen vertraut gemacht. Die notwendigen mathematischen Grundlagen und Programmierprinzipien werden knapp erlutert. Hinweise zur Erarbeitung von Prsentationen runden die Darstellung ab. Der Leser lernt, nicht nur unterschiedlichste betriebswirtschaftliche Probleme mit Hilfe von Standardsoftware zu lsen, sondern auch neue Softwareprodukte zu analysieren und die geeigneten fr sich auszuwhlen.
Category: Business. ISBN: 9783540431879

Quantum Computing

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Covering both theory and progressive experiments, Quantum Computing: From Linear Algebra to Physical Realizations explains how and why superposition and entanglement provide the enormous computational power in quantum computing. This self-contained, classroom-tested book is divided into two sections, with the first devoted to the theoretical aspects of quantum computing and the second focused on several candidates of a working quantum computer, evaluating them according to the DiVincenzo criteria. Topics in Part I Linear algebra Principles of quantum mechanics Qubit and the first application of quantum information processingquantum key distribution Quantum gates Simple yet elucidating examples of quantum algorithms Quantum circuits that implement integral transforms Practical quantum algorithms, including Grover's database search algorithm and Shor's factorization algorithm The disturbing issue of decoherence Important examples of quantum error-correcting codes (QECC) Topics in Part II DiVincenzo criteria, which are the standards a physical system must satisfy to be a candidate as a working quantum computer Liquid state NMR, one of the well-understood physical systems Ionic and atomic qubits Several types of Josephson junction qubits The quantum dots realization of qubits Looking at the ways in which quantum computing can become reality, this book delves into enough theoretical background and experimental research to support a thorough understanding of this promising field.
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9780750309837

Cellular Computing

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The completion of the first draft of the human genome has led to an explosion of interest in genetics and molecular biology. The view of the genome as a network of interacting computational components is well-established, but researchers are now trying to reverse the analogy, by using living organisms to construct logic circuits. The potential applications for such technologies is huge, ranging from bio-sensors, through industrial applications to drug delivery and diagnostics. This book would be the first to deal with the implementation of this technology, describing several working experimental demonstrations using cells as components of logic circuits, building toward computers incorporating biological components in their functioning.
Category: Science. ISBN: 9780195155396

Social Computing

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This two volume set (CCIS 623 and 634) constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second International Conference of Young Computer Scientists, Engineers and Educators, ICYCSEE 2016, held in Harbin, China, in August 2016.  The 91 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 338 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on Research Track (Part I) and Education Track, Industry Track, and Demo Track (Part II) and cover a wide range of topics related to social computing, social media, social network analysis, social modeling, social recommendation, machine learning, data mining.
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9789811020520

Ubiquitous Computing

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This book provides an introduction to the complex field of ubiquitous computing Ubiquitous Computing (also commonly referred to as Pervasive Computing) describes the ways in which current technological models, based upon three base designs: smart (mobile, wireless, service) devices, smart environments (of embedded system devices) and smart interaction (between devices), relate to and support a computing vision for a greater range of computer devices, used in a greater range of (human, ICT and physical) environments and activities. The author details the rich potential of ubiquitous computing, the challenges involved in making it a reality, and the prerequisite technological infrastructure. Additionally, the book discusses the application and convergence of several current major and future computing trends.  Key Features: Provides an introduction to the complex field of ubiquitous computing Describes how current technology models based upon six different technology form factors which have varying degrees of mobility wireless connectivity and service volatility: tabs, pads, boards, dust, skins and clay, enable the vision of ubiquitous computing Describes and explores how the three core designs (smart devices, environments and interaction) based upon current technology models can be applied to, and can evolve to, support a vision of ubiquitous computing and computing for the future Covers the principles of the following current technology models, including mobile wireless networks, service-oriented computing, human computer interaction, artificial intelligence, context-awareness, autonomous systems, micro-electromechanical systems, sensors, embedded controllers and robots Covers a range of interactions, between two or more UbiCom devices, between devices and people (HCI), between devices and the physical world. Includes an accompanying website with PowerPoint slides, problems and solutions, exercises, bibliography and further reading Graduate students in computer science, electrical engineering and telecommunications courses will find this a fascinating and useful introduction to the subject. It will also be of interest to ICT professionals, software and network developers and others interested in future trends and models of computing and interaction over the next decades.
Category: Technology. ISBN: 9780470035603

Computing Networks

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“Computing Networks” explores the core of the new distributed computing infrastructures we are using today:  the networking systems of clusters, grids and clouds. It helps network designers and distributed-application developers and users to better understand the technologies, specificities, constraints and benefits of these different infrastructures’ communication systems. Cloud Computing will give the possibility for millions of users to process data anytime, anywhere, while being eco-friendly. In order to deliver this emerging traffic in a timely, cost-efficient, energy-efficient, and reliable manner over long-distance networks, several issues such as quality of service, security, metrology, network-resource scheduling and virtualization are being investigated since 15 years. “Computing Networks” explores the core of clusters, grids and clouds networks, giving designers, application developers and users the keys to better construct and use these powerful infrastructures.
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9781848212862

Quantum Computing

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The result of a lecture series, this textbook is oriented towards students and newcomers to the field and discusses theoretical foundations as well as experimental realizations in detail. The authors are experienced teachers and have tailored this book to the needs of students. They present the basics of quantum communication and quantum information processing, leading readers to modern technical implementations. In addition, they discuss errors and decoherence as well as methods of avoiding and correcting them.
Category: Science. ISBN: 9783527404384

Computing Fundamentals

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The Basic Computing Skills You Need to Enhance Your Academic Education Computing Fundamentals provides students with the basic computing skills needed to get the most from their educational endeavors, regardless of field of study. Written by Microsoft Office Master Instructor Faithe Wempen, this detailed resource helps you develop a strong understanding of how computers work and how they affect our society. In addition to helping you master essential computing tasks such as working with operating systems, applications, and the Internet, this book also provides you with all the knowledge you need for computing basics. Learn the types of computer hardware and how they work together Understand operating systems and application software Get a complete introduction to Windows ® 7 Learn the basics of Microsoft ® Office applications Understand the essential technologies behind networking, the Internet, and the web Learn how to protect your online privacy and security Explore legal, ethical, and health issues of computing Each chapter includes a summary, list of key terms, and sample questions to help you master basic computer skills.
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9781118974742

Cloud Computing

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In this book, three internationally renowned experts use jargon-free language and relevant examples, analogies and diagrams to give an up-to-date, clear and comprehensive guide to the security, governance, risk, and compliance elements of Cloud Computing.
Category: Business. ISBN: 9781849283595
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