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Structure Discovery in Natural Language
Current language technology is dominated by time-consuming approaches that either enumerate a large set of rules, or focus on a large amount of manually labeled data. This volume advocates a new open-source methodology that is much more automated.
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9783642259227

Talking Data
This book presents the reader with a set of diverse, carefully developed and clearly specified systems of transcription and coding, arising from contrasting theoretical perspectives, and presented as alternative choices, situated within the theoretical domain most natural to each. The perspectives represented include first and second language acquisition, interethnic and crosscultural interaction, information structure, and the study of discourse influences on linguistic expression. In the contributed chapters, the designers of these systems provide a distillation of collective experiences from the past quarter century, telling in their own words their perspectives on language processes, how these perspectives have shaped their choice of methodology in transcription and coding of natural language, and describing their systems in detail. Overview chapters by the editors then provide design principles and guidelines concerning issues pertinent to all systems, including such things as reliability, validity, ease of learning, computational tractability, and robustness against error. The final chapter is a compendium of existing computerized archives of language data and information sources together with details concerning data access and use.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines. ISBN: 9780805803488

Data Stewardship
Data stewards in business and IT are the backbone of a successful data governance implementation because they do the work to make a company's data trusted, dependable, and high quality. Data Stewardship explains everything you need to know to successfully implement the stewardship portion of data governance, including how to organize, train, and work with data stewards, get high-quality business definitions and other metadata, and perform the day-to-day tasks using a minimum of the steward's time and effort. David Plotkin has loaded this book with practical advice on stewardship so you can get right to work, have early successes, and measure and communicate those successes, gaining more support for this critical effort. Provides clear and concise practical advice on implementing and running data stewardship, including guidelines on how to organize based on company structure, business functions, and data ownership Shows how to gain support for your stewardship effort, maintain that support over the long-term, and measure the success of the data stewardship effort and report back to management Includes detailed lists of responsibilities for each type of data steward and strategies to help the Data Governance Program Office work effectively with the data stewards
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9780124103894

Data Visualization
Data visualization is currently a very active and vital area of research, teaching and development. The term unites the established field of scientific visualization and the more recent field of information visualization. The success of data visualization is due to the soundness of the basic idea behind it: the use of computer-generated images to gain insight and knowledge from data and its inherent patterns and relationships. A second premise is the utilization of the broad bandwidth of the human sensory system in steering and interpreting complex processes, and simulations involving data sets from diverse scientific disciplines and large collections of abstract data from many sources. These concepts are extremely important and have a profound and widespread impact on the methodology of computational science and engineering, as well as on management and administration. The interplay between various application areas and their specific problem solving visualization techniques is emphasized in this book. Reflecting the heterogeneous structure of Data Visualization, emphasis was placed on these topics: -Visualization Algorithms and Techniques; -Volume Visualization; -Information Visualization; -Multiresolution Techniques; -Interactive Data Exploration. Data Visualization: The State of the Art presents the state of the art in scientific and information visualization techniques by experts in this field. It can serve as an overview for the inquiring scientist, and as a basic foundation for developers. This edited volume contains chapters dedicated to surveys of specific topics, and a great deal of original work not previously published illustrated by examples from a wealth of applications. The book will also provide basic material for teaching the state of the art techniques in data visualization. Data Visualization: The State of the Art is designed to meet the needs of practitioners and researchers in scientific and information visualization. This book is also suitable as a secondary text for graduate level students in computer science and engineering.
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9781402072598

Language, Sex and Social Structure
This book offers an innovative way of doing critical discourse analysis that focuses on the performatively produced concepts and social structures that support oppressive attitudes in a community. It draws upon ethnographic data from a women's field hockey club to examine players' homophobic attitudes towards lesbians on the team.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines. ISBN: 9780230276666

Language, Sex and Social Structure
This book offers an innovative way of doing critical discourse analysis that focuses on the performatively produced concepts and social structures that support oppressive attitudes in a community. It draws upon ethnographic data from a women's field hockey club to examine players' homophobic attitudes towards lesbians on the team.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines. ISBN: 9780230276666

Digital Computer Structure and Design
Digital Computer Structure and Design, Second Edition discusses switching theory, counters, sequential circuits, number representation, and arithmetic functions The book also describes computer memories, the processor, data flow system of the processor, the processor control system, and the input-output system. Switching theory, which is purely a mathematical concept, centers on the properties of interconnected networks of "gates." The theory deals with binary functions of 1 and 0 which can change instantaneously from one to the other without intermediate values. The binary number system is used in computer arithmetic and other operations due to its simplicity that can be easily adopted in device parameters. These operations involve only two levels: the "on" or "off" positions, which also offer maximum immunity to noise or circuit interference. The binary system is a very efficient way to represent numbers or to store data. When the computer uses this system, the clock cycle of the processor determines or divides the cycles for each sub-operation into steps. A master timing counter defines each of these steps, and synchronizes them avoid data loss or mix-ups. After the sub-operation has been completed, the monitor will display the result. Programmers, computer engineers, computer instructors, and students of computer science will find the book highly useful.
Category: Technology. ISBN: 9780408011587

Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure
This book offers a unique interdisciplinary perspective on argument structure and its role in language acquisition. Drawing on a broad range of crosslinguistic data, this volume shows that languages are much more diverse in their argument structure properties than has been realized. The volume is the outcome of an integrated research project and comprises chapters by both specialists in first language acquisition and field linguists working on a variety of lesser-known languages. The research draws on original fieldwork and on adult data, child data, or both from seventeen languages from eleven different language families. Some chapters offer typological perspectives, examining the basic structures of a given language with language-learnability issues in mind. Other chapters investigate specific problems of language acquisition in one or more languages. Taken as a whole, the volume illustrates how detailed work on crosslinguistic variation is critical to the development of insightful theories of language acquisition. Crosslinguistic Perspectives on Argument Structure integrates important contemporary issues in linguistics and language acquisition.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines. ISBN: 9780805841947

Problems in Organic Structure Determination
At a point where most introductory organic chemistry texts end, this problems-based workbook picks up the thread to lead students through a graduated set of 120 problems. With extensive detailed spectral data, it contains a variety of problems designed by renowned authors to develop proficiency in organic structure determination. This workbook leads you from basic problems encountered in introductory organic chemistry textbooks to highly complex natural product-based problems. It presents a concept-based learning platform, introducing key concepts sequentially and reinforcing them with problems that exemplify the complexities and underlying principles that govern each concept. The book is organized in such a way that allows you to work through the problems in order or in selections according to your experience and desired area of mastery. It also provides access to raw data files online that can be downloaded and used for data manipulation using freeware or commercial software. With its problem-centered approach, integrated use of online and digital resources, and appendices that include notes and hints, Problems in Organic Structure Determination: A Practical Approach to NMR Spectroscopy is an outstanding resource for training students and professionals in structure determination.
Category: Science. ISBN: 9781498719629

Argument Structure and Grammatical Relations
This article is a case study on quantification and aspectual domain and aspect in Finnish and Udmurt. The principal data consists of examples collected from various sentence types of Finnish and Udmurt in which derivation of verbs is used in changing the grammatical structures of sentences. Derivational affixes are operators which correspond to underlying semantic primitives. Changes in verbal semantics have an influence on quantification and closure of aspect. It will be shown that lexical means are used in changing the argument structure, and that the border between lexical and grammatical means used in marking aspect and quantification is vague.
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines. ISBN: 9789027205933
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