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Brain-Computer Interfaces
This book provides an accessible introduction to the neurophysiological and signal-processing background required for BCI, presents the latest non-invasive and invasive approaches, reviews current hardware and software, and assesses emerging BCI applications.
Category: Technology. ISBN: 9783642020902

Computer Design and Architecture
An introduction to the design of a computer system - depicting, step by step, the arrangement of a simple but complete hypothetical computer. It integrates four categories of digital systems architecture - logic design, computer organization, computer hardware and computer system architecture.
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9780824703684

Databases on Modern Hardware
Data management systems enable various influential applications from high-performance online services (e.g., social networks like Twitter and Facebook or financial markets) to big data analytics (e.g., scientific exploration, sensor networks, business intelligence). As a result, data management systems have been one of the main drivers for innovations in the database and computer architecture communities for several decades. Recent hardware trends require software to take advantage of the abundant parallelism existing in modern and future hardware. The traditional design of the data management systems, however, faces inherent scalability problems due to its tightly coupled components. In addition, it cannot exploit the full capability of the aggressive micro-architectural features of modern processors. As a result, today's most commonly used server types remain largely underutilized leading to a huge waste of hardware resources and energy. In this book, we shed light on the challenges present while running DBMS on modern multicore hardware. We divide the material into two dimensions of scalability: implicit/vertical and explicit/horizontal. The first part of the book focuses on the vertical dimension: it describes the instruction- and data-level parallelism opportunities in a core coming from the hardware and software side. In addition, it examines the sources of under-utilization in a modern processor and presents insights and hardware/software techniques to better exploit the microarchitectural resources of a processor by improving cache locality at the right level of the memory hierarchy. The second part focuses on the horizontal dimension, i.e., scalability bottlenecks of database applications at the level of multicore and multisocket multicore architectures. It first presents a systematic way of eliminating such bottlenecks in online transaction processing workloads, which is based on minimizing unbounded communication, and shows several techniques that minimize bottlenecks in major components of database management systems. Then, it demonstrates the data and work sharing opportunities for analytical workloads, and reviews advanced scheduling mechanisms that are aware of nonuniform memory accesses and alleviate bandwidth saturation.
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9781681731544

Computer Architecture and Security
The first book to introduce computer architecture for security and provide the tools to implement secure computer systems This book provides the fundamentals of computer architecture for security. It covers a wide range of computer hardware, system software and data concepts from a security perspective. It is essential for computer science and security professionals to understand both hardware and software security solutions to survive in the workplace. Examination of memory, CPU architecture and system implementation Discussion of computer buses and a dual-port bus interface Examples cover a board spectrum of hardware and software systems Design and implementation of a patent-pending secure computer system Includes the latest patent-pending technologies in architecture security Placement of computers in a security fulfilled network environment Co-authored by the inventor of the modern Computed Tomography (CT) scanner Provides website for lecture notes, security tools and latest updates
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9781118168813

Computer Systems Architecture
Computer Systems Architecture provides IT professionals and students with the necessary understanding of computer hardware. It addresses the ongoing issues related to computer hardware and discusses the solutions supplied by the industry. The book describes trends in computing solutions that led to the current available infrastructures, tracing the initial need for computers to recent concepts such as the Internet of Things. It covers computers' data representation, explains how computer architecture and its underlying meaning changed over the years, and examines the implementations and performance enhancements of the central processing unit (CPU). It then discusses the organization, hierarchy, and performance considerations of computer memory as applied by the operating system and illustrates how cache memory significantly improves performance. The author proceeds to explore the bus system, algorithms for ensuring data integrity, input and output (I/O) components, methods for performing I/O, various aspects relevant to software engineering, and nonvolatile storage devices, such as hard drives and technologies for enhancing performance and reliability. He also describes virtualization and cloud computing and the emergence of software-based systems' architectures. Accessible to software engineers and developers as well as students in IT disciplines, this book enhances readers' understanding of the hardware infrastructure used in software engineering projects. It enables readers to better optimize system usage by focusing on the principles used in hardware systems design and the methods for enhancing performance.
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9781482231052

Computer Assisted Learning
Provides an important international forum for those interested in the theory and practice of computer-assisted learning in education and training. The papers are grouped under 4 main themes: hardware interaction with CAL; fundamental aspects of CAL; experimental studies in CAL; and developments and future directions
Category: Education. ISBN: 9780080281117

The Laboratory Computer
The Laboratory Computer: A Practical Guide for Physiologists and Neuroscientists introduces the reader to both the basic principles and the actual practice of recording physiological signals using the computer. It describes the basic operation of the computer, the types of transducers used to measure physical quantities such as temperature and pressure, how these signals are amplified and converted into digital form, and the mathematical analysis techniques that can then be applied. It is aimed at the physiologist or neuroscientist using modern computer data acquisition systems in the laboratory, providing both an understanding of how such systems work and a guide to their purchase and implementation. The key facts and concepts that are vital for the effective use of computer data acquisition systems A unique overview of the commonly available laboratory hardware and software, including both commercial and free software A practical guide to designing one's own or choosing commercial data acquisition hardware and software
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9780122095511

Computer Organization and Design
Computer Organization and Design: The Hardware/Software Interface presents the interaction between hardware and software at a variety of levels, which offers a framework for understanding the fundamentals of computing. This book focuses on the concepts that are the basis for computers. Organized into nine chapters, this book begins with an overview of the computer revolution. This text then explains the concepts and algorithms used in modern computer arithmetic. Other chapters consider the abstractions and concepts in memory hierarchies by starting with the simplest possible cache. This book discusses as well the complete data path and control for a processor. The final chapter deals with the exploitation of parallel machines. This book is a valuable resource for students in computer science and engineering. Readers with backgrounds in assembly language and logic design who want to learn how to design a computer or understand how a system works will also find this book useful.
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9781558602816

Computer Assisted Learning '83
CAL 83 was organised by the Council for Educational Technology in conjunction with Pergamon Press. The selected proceedings include papers from four broad themes: fundamental aspects of CAL, case studies in CAL, hardware for CAL, and future developments, and also two keynote papers by Professors Bork and Alty respectively. The increasing interest in CAL applications in schools is evident from the number of related papers.
Category: Education. ISBN: 9780080308265

Computer Vision Systems
This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Computer Vision Systems, ICVS 2015, held in Copenhagen, Denmark, in July 2015. The 48 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 92 submissions. The paper are organized in topical sections on biological and cognitive vision; hardware-implemented and real-time vision systems; high-level vision; learning and adaptation; robot vision; and vision systems applications.
Category: Computers. ISBN: 9783319209036
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