### Hardware and Computer Organization

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Hardware and Computer Organization is a practical introduction to the architecture of modern microprocessors. This book from the bestselling author explains how PCs work and how to make them work for you. It is designed to take students "under the hood" of a PC and provide them with an understanding of the complex machine that has become such a pervasive part of everyday life. It clearly explains how hardware and software cooperatively interact to accomplish real-world tasks. Unlike other textbooks on this topic, Dr. Berger's book takes the software developer's point-of-view. Instead of simply demonstrating how to design a computer's hardware, it provides an understanding of the total machine, highlighting strengths and weaknesses, explaining how to deal with memory and how to write efficient assembly code that interacts directly with, and takes best advantage of the underlying hardware. The book is divided into three major sections: Part 1 covers hardware and computer fundamentals, including logical gates and simple digital design. Elements of hardware development such as instruction set architecture, memory and I/O organization and analog to digital conversion are examined in detail, within the context of modern operating systems. Part 2 discusses the software at the lowest level assembly language, while Part 3 introduces the reader to modern computer architectures and reflects on future trends in reconfigurable hardware. This book is an ideal reference for ECE/software engineering students as well as embedded systems designers, professional engineers needing to understand the fundamentals of

**computer hardware**, and hobbyists. The renowned author's many years in industry provide an excellent basis for the inclusion of extensive real-world references and insights Several modern processor architectures are covered, with examples taken from each, including Intel, Motorola, MIPS, and ARMCategory: Technology. ISBN: 9780750678865

### Computer-Hardware Evaluation of Mathematical Functions

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Computer-Hardware Evaluation of Mathematical Functions provides a thorough up-to-date understanding of the methods used in

**computer hardware**for the evaluation of mathematical functions: reciprocals, square-roots, exponentials, logarithms, trigonometric functions, hyperbolic functions, etc. It discusses how the methods are derived, how they work, and how well they work. The methods are divided into four core themes: CORDIC, normalization, table look-up, and polynomial approximations. In each case, the author carefully considers the mathematical derivation and basis of the relevant methods, how effective they are (including mathematical errors analysis), and how they can be implemented in hardware. This book is an excellent resource for any student or researcher seeking a comprehensive, yet easily understandable, explanation of how computer chips evaluate mathematical functions. Contents: Errors, Range-Reduction, and Rounding; Redundant Representations and High-Speed Arithmetic; CORDIC; High-Performance CORDIC; Normalization Algorithms; Polynomial and Rational-Function Approximations; Table Lookup and Segmented Polynomial Approximations; Reciprocals, Square Roots, and Inverse Square Roots. Readership: Graduate and undergraduate students and researchers interested in the hardware and software aspects of computer chips. Keywords:Computer Arithmetic;Elementary Functions;Computer Architecture Key Features: First full-length book on the subject; Contains up-to-date information; Detailed and easy to useCategory: Computers. ISBN: 9781783268603

**Computer Hardware** Description Languages and their Applications

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Hardware description languages (HDLs) have established themselves as one of the principal means of designing electronic systems. The interest in and usage of HDLs continues to spread rapidly, driven by the increasing complexity of systems, the growth of HDL-driven synthesis, the research on formal design methods and many other related advances. This research-oriented publication aims to make a strong contribution to further developments in the field. The following topics are explored in depth: BDD-based system design and analysis; system level formal verification; formal reasoning on hardware; languages for protocol specification; VHDL; HDL-based design methods; high level synthesis; and text/graphical HDLs. There are short papers covering advanced design capture and recent work in high level synthesis and formal verification. In addition, several invited presentations on key issues discuss and summarize recent advances in real time system design, automatic verification of sequential circuits and languages for protocol specification.

Category: Technology. ISBN: 9780444816412

**Computer Hardware** Description Languages and their Applications

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The topic areas presented within this volume focus on design environments and the applications of hardware description and modelling including simulation, verification by correctness proofs, synthesis and test. The strong relationship between the topics of CHDL'91 and the work around the use and re-standardization of the VHDL language is also explored. The quality of this proceedings, and its significance to the academic and professional worlds is assured by the excellent technical programme here compiled.

Category: Technology. ISBN: 9780444892089

### Computer Science

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This volume focuses on the deeper aspects of software and hardware -- the two recognized subdivisions that make up the field of computer science. The text offers classical theoretical computer science concepts such as Unsolvability and Undecidability, among other key topics.

Category: Computers. ISBN: 9781461411673

### Computer Arithmetic

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Computer Arithmetic provides a complete procedure for linking the digital design and arithmetic algorithms domain, based on original formalism and hardware description languages. Readers will find gate-level designs for all matrix/combinatorial arithmetic structures.

Category: Technology. ISBN: 9783642183140

### Computer-Architektur

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Einerseits werden die Konzepte der Rechner-Technik dargestellt, andererseits aber auch gezeigt, wie sich diese Konzepte mit Hilfe der Hardware-beschreibungssprache Verilog realisieren lassen. Die dabei bentigten Konstrukte von Verilog werden ebenfalls vorgestellt. Dadurch wird es dem Leser ermglicht, die vermittelten theoretischen Inhalte unmittelbar praktisch nachzuvollziehen.

Category: Technology. ISBN: 9783486580297

### Computer Electronics

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Computer Electronics: Made Simple Computerbooks presents the basics of computer electronics and explains how a microprocessor works. Various types of PROMs, static RAMs, dynamic RAMs, floppy disks, and hard disks are considered, along with microprocessor support devices made by Intel, Motorola and Zilog. Bit slice logic and some AMD bit slice products are also described. Comprised of 14 chapters, this book begins with an introduction to the fundamentals of hardware design, followed by a discussion on the basic building blocks of hardware (NAND, NOR, AND, OR, NOT, XOR); tools and equipment that are required by a hardware engineer; and sequential logic. Subsequent chapters focus on analog components such as transistors, resistors, capacitors, diodes, crystals, and power supplies; data sheets and data books; timing diagrams; arithmetic using integrated circuits, with emphasis on full adders, arithmetic logic units, and arithmetic processing units. The final chapter describes how a project operates, how the computer-aided design process works, and how printed circuit boards are manufactured. This monograph will be of interest to students, engineers, and other practitioners in computer electronics.

Category: Computers. ISBN: 9780434984053

### Computer Engineering

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Computer Engineering: A DEC View of Hardware Systems Design focuses on the principles, progress, and concepts in the design of hardware systems. The selection first elaborates on the seven views of computer systems, technology progress in logic and memories, and packaging and manufacturing. Concerns cover power supplies, DEC computer packaging generations, general packaging, semiconductor logic technology, memory technology, measuring (and creating) technology progress, structural levels of a computer system, and packaging levels-of -integration. The manuscript then examines transistor circuitry in the Lincoln TX-2, digital modules, PDP-1 and other 18-bit computers, PDP-8 and other 12-bit computers, and structural levels of the PDP-8. The text takes a look at cache memories for PDP-11 family computers, buses, DEC LSI-11, and design decisions for the PDP-11/60 mid-range minicomputer. Topics include reliability and maintainability, price/performance balance, advances in memory technology, synchronization of data transfers, error control strategies, PDP-11/45, PDP-11/20, and cache organization. The selection is a fine reference for practicing computer designers, users, programmers, designers of peripherals and memories, and students of computer engineering and computer science.

Category: Technology. ISBN: 9780932376008

### Computer Programming

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Computer Programming: A Mixed Language Approach describes computer programming from a mixed language perspective. More specifically, it examines how to make effective use of the hardware and software aspects of the total system using the mixed languages that are a composite of the absolute machine languages and the more facile problem-oriented languages. In addition to the absolute machine language required by the computer "hardware" and the problem-oriented language provided by the "software" of symbolic assembly programs and compilers, a third kind of programming language is considered, namely, the symbolic machine language. Comprised of nine chapters, this book illustrates mixed language programming using Fortran and the Fortran Symbolic Assembly Program. The discussion begins by describing a modern digital computer and introducing the general theory of number systems. Subsequent chapters focus on the way in which computing machines are organized to perform their functions; how a computer executes the sequence of instructions and performs a given calculation, a process known as coding; and non-arithmetic instructions used on computers. Subroutines, input-output, and assembly of complete programs are also explored. The final chapter is devoted to Fortran and programs written completely in Fortran, as well as executive programs and programs in mixed languages. This monograph is intended for both professional programmers-to-be and non-professionals in computer programming.

Category: Computers. ISBN: 9781483227207