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Multilevel Citizenship

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/multilevel-citizenship-1...
This book is the first monograph on one of the least studied and most controversial European Union citizenship rights. Despite the importance of consular protection in a globalised world, many EU Member States are reluctant to recognise consular protection for EU citizens abroad as a right, leading to a protracted struggle to place the right to consular protection on a solid legal basis through a directive. This book examines the right to consular protection as an illustrative case in the debate over a multilevel design of EU citizenship combining rules from several different legal systems, whose interplay is reinforced by the extra-territorial character of consular protection. It offers a comparative analysis of the provision of consular protection in the 28 EU Member States as well as of the respective international law and EU rules. By examining the right to consular protection in its constitutional setting as a right flowing from EU citizenship, the book frames the analysis of all EU citizenship rights as fundamental rights in a multilevel-governance context.

Multilevel Statistical Models

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Throughout the social, medical and other sciences the importance of understanding complex hierarchical data structures is well understood. Multilevel modelling is now the accepted statistical technique for handling such data and is widely available in computer software packages. A thorough understanding of these techniques is therefore important for all those working in these areas. This new edition of Multilevel Statistical Models brings these techniques together, starting from basic ideas and illustrating how more complex models are derived. Bayesian methodology using MCMC has been extended along with new material on smoothing models, multivariate responses, missing data, latent normal transformations for discrete responses, structural equation modeling and survival models. Key Features: Provides a clear introduction and a comprehensive account of multilevel models. New methodological developments and applications are explored. Written by a leading expert in the field of multilevel methodology. Illustrated throughout with real-life examples, explaining theoretical concepts. This book is suitable as a comprehensive text for postgraduate courses, as well as a general reference guide. Applied statisticians in the social sciences, economics, biological and medical disciplines will find this book beneficial.

Teaching Large Multilevel Classes

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This book provides practical advice for teachers who work with large, mixed-ability classes. It offers a wide variety of activities to develop student motivation, interest, participation and responsibility.

Methodology and Epistemology of Multilevel Analysis

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The purpose of the multilevel approach is to understand individual behaviors taking into account the social context in which they occur. This book deals with concepts and methods underlying this approach. This book is of interest to a broad audience of social scientists, statisticians and philosophers concerned with new issues raised by the multilevel approach, and more generally with explanation in the social sciences.

Europeanization and Multilevel Governance

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/europeanization-and-multile...
Europeanization has become a major theme within European studies in recent years, emphasizing the domestic effects of the EU on its member and applicant states. At the same time, multilevel governance has emerged as an important concept, highlighting shifts both in horizontal relations between state and society and in vertical links between actors at different territorial levels. In this state-of-the-art study, Ian Bache traces the relationship between these two key elements, considering the extent to which Europeanization advances multilevel governance within member states through the requirements of EU cohesion policy. Bache focuses especially on Britain, a member state whose political system has been increasingly characterized by multilevel governance since it became an EU member. Comparing Britain's case to that of ten other member states, the author distinguishes between the EU's effects in simple polities-in which voice, influence, and power are diffused through multiple levels and modes of governance-and in compound polities, where voice, influence, and power are more concentrated. Bringing together the conceptual tools of multilevel governance and policy networks and developing a framework for using these tools together in future research, this clearly written study will be valuable for scholars and students of EU and British politics.

Multilevel Inverters

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Multilevel Inverters: Conventional and Emerging Topologies and Their Control is written with two primary objectives: (a) explanation of fundamentals of multilevel inverters (MLIs) with reference to the general philosophy of power electronics; and (b) enabling the reader to systematically analyze a given topology with the possibility of contributing towards the ongoing evolution of topologies. The authors also present an updated status of current research in the field of MLIs with an emphasis on the evolution of newer topologies. In addition, the work includes a universal control scheme, with which any given topology can be modulated. Extensive qualitative and quantitative evaluations of emerging topologies give researchers and industry professionals suitable solutions for specific applications with a systematic presentation of software-based modeling and simulation, and an exploration of key issues. Topics covered also include power distribution among sources, voltage balancing, optimization switching frequency and asymmetric source configuration. This valuable reference further provides tools to model and simulate conventional and emerging topologies using MATLAB®/Simulink® and discusses execution of experimental set-up using popular interfacing tools. The book includes a Foreword by Dr. Frede Blaabjerg, Fellow IEEE, Professor and VILLUM Investigator, Aalborg University, Denmark. Includes a universal control scheme to help the reader learn the control of existing topologies and those which can be proposed in the future Presents three new topologies. Systematic development of these topologies and subsequent simulation and experimental studies exemplify an approach to the development of newer topologies and verification of their working and experimental verification. Contains a systematic and step-by-step approach to modelling and simulating various topologies designed to effectively employ low-power applications

Multilevel Governance. Profili costituzionali

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Che cos'è la multilevel governance? È un concetto descrittivo oppure un principio giuridico? Quali sono i suoi effetti sull'ordinamento costituzionale italiano? In quale modo impatta sulla vita quotidiana di istituzioni e cittadini? Il volume si confronta con queste e altre domande, individuando la genesi di ciascun interrogativo, dando atto del dibattito sul punto, proponendo delle risposte e analizzando dei casi pratici, focalizzando il tema sui rapporti tra Regioni, istituzioni statali e UE. La governance a più livelli è tema di stretta attualità: riguarda l'esercizio del potere nel difficile coordinamento tra unità e autonomia, tra pluralismo e approcci globali. La prospettiva costituzionale permette di analizzarlo non solo secondo il punto di vista degli enti pubblici, ma pure alla luce di quei principi giuridici che rendono possibile la visibilità e la responsabilità del potere stesso nei confronti dei cittadini, così come nell'ottica dei principi fondamentali, con particolare riguardo alla natura e al ruolo delle Regioni nel servire la comunità.

Applied Multilevel Analysis

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This is a practical introduction to multilevel analysis suitable for all those doing research. Most books on multilevel analysis are written by statisticians, and they focus on the mathematical background. These books are difficult for non-mathematical researchers. In contrast, this volume provides an accessible account on the application of multilevel analysis in research. It addresses the practical issues that confront those undertaking research and wanting to find the correct answers to research questions. This book is written for non-mathematical researchers and it explains when and how to use multilevel analysis. Many worked examples, with computer output, are given to illustrate and explain this subject. Datasets of the examples are available on the internet, so the reader can reanalyse the data. This approach will help to bridge the conceptual and communication gap that exists between those undertaking research and statisticians.

La gouvernance multi-level

https://www.kobo.com/us/fr/ebook/la-gouvernance-multi-level...
Notre Europe semble être condamnée à se trouver constamment dépassée par l'existence et la rapidité même de son propre mouvement: l'Europe comme formule historique est, dès lors, inlassablement - et nécessairement - débordée par sa réalité pratique. Il convient, en quelque sorte, de penser l'intégration européenne comme constitutive d'une frontière qui, privée d'essence, doit être régulièrement déplacée, retravaillée et finalement toujours repensée. L'Europe, malgré ce statut ontologique étrange, interfère, néanmoins, à tous les niveaux dans notre existence et transforme - souvent en profondeur - aussi bien nos ordres juridiques que notre vie quotidienne. Les effets de l'intégration européenne sont, dès lors, nombreux et puissants et bouleversent la structure classique de nos instances étatiques. La norme fondamentale sur laquelle repose nos régimes politiques, la Constitution, est, elle-même, profondément concernée par cette construction internationale. De forts et itératifs courants de constitutionnalisation se développent à la fois selon des inclinaisons ascendante et descendante impliquant non seulement l'intégration des conséquences des traités constitutifs au coeur des chartes fondamentales des États membres; mais, également, une irrigation du droit de l'Union par les principes fondamentaux présents dans ces mêmes textes fondamentaux des États membres. Enfin, ces mouvements sont, eux-mêmes, consolidés par la mise en oeuvre de ce que la doctrine présente comme une constitutionnalisation transversale qui se forme à partir de l'établissement d'un véritable dialogue juridictionnel entre les divers organes juridictionnels nationaux et européens.

Multilevel Modeling Using R

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A powerful tool for analyzing nested designs in a variety of fields, multilevel/hierarchical modeling allows researchers to account for data collected at multiple levels. Multilevel Modeling Using R provides you with a helpful guide to conducting multilevel data modeling using the R software environment. After reviewing standard linear models, the authors present the basics of multilevel models and explain how to fit these models using R. They then show how to employ multilevel modeling with longitudinal data and demonstrate the valuable graphical options in R. The book also describes models for categorical dependent variables in both single level and multilevel data. The book concludes with Bayesian fitting of multilevel models. For those new to R, the appendix provides an introduction to this system that covers basic R knowledge necessary to run the models in the book. Through the R code and detailed explanations provided, this book gives you the tools to launch your own investigations in multilevel modeling and gain insight into your research.

Theory of Hierarchical, Multilevel, Systems

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In this book, we study theoretical and practical aspects of computing methods for mathematical modelling of nonlinear systems. A number of computing techniques are considered, such as methods of operator approximation with any given accuracy; operator interpolation techniques including a non-Lagrange interpolation; methods of system representation subject to constraints associated with concepts of causality, memory and stationarity; methods of system representation with an accuracy that is the best within a given class of models; methods of covariance matrix estimation;methods for low-rank matrix approximations; hybrid methods based on a combination of iterative procedures and best operator approximation; andmethods for information compression and filtering under condition that a filter model should satisfy restrictions associated with causality and different types of memory. As a result, the book represents a blend of new methods in general computational analysis, and specific, but also generic, techniques for study of systems theory ant its particularbranches, such as optimal filtering and information compression- Best operator approximation- Non-Lagrange interpolation- Generic Karhunen-Loeve transform- Generalised low-rank matrix approximation- Optimal data compression- Optimal nonlinear filtering

Multilevel Modeling Using Mplus

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This book is designed primarily for upper level undergraduate and graduate level students taking a course in multilevel modelling and/or statistical modelling with a large multilevel modelling component. The focus is on presenting the theory and practice of major multilevel modelling techniques in a variety of contexts, using Mplus as the software tool, and demonstrating the various functions available for these analyses in Mplus, which is widely used by researchers in various fields, including most of the social sciences. In particular, Mplus offers users a wide array of tools for latent variable modelling, including for multilevel data.

Multilevel Modeling

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This book illustrates the current work of leading multilevel modeling (MLM) researchers from around the world. The book's goal is to critically examine the real problems that occur when trying to use MLMs in applied research, such as power, experimental design, and model violations. This presentation of cutting-edge work and statistical innovations in multilevel modeling includes topics such as growth modeling, repeated measures analysis, nonlinear modeling, outlier detection, and meta analysis. This volume will be beneficial for researchers with advanced statistical training and extensive experience in applying multilevel models, especially in the areas of education; clinical intervention; social, developmental and health psychology, and other behavioral sciences; or as a supplement for an introductory graduate-level course.

Europeanization and Multilevel Governance

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/europeanization-and-multile...
Europeanization has become a major theme within European studies in recent years, emphasizing the domestic effects of the EU on its member and applicant states. At the same time, multilevel governance has emerged as an important concept, highlighting shifts both in horizontal relations between state and society and in vertical links between actors at different territorial levels. In this state-of-the-art study, Ian Bache traces the relationship between these two key elements, considering the extent to which Europeanization advances multilevel governance within member states through the requirements of EU cohesion policy. Bache focuses especially on Britain, a member state whose political system has been increasingly characterized by multilevel governance since it became an EU member. Comparing Britain's case to that of ten other member states, the author distinguishes between the EU's effects in simple polities-in which voice, influence, and power are diffused through multiple levels and modes of governance-and in compound polities, where voice, influence, and power are more concentrated. Bringing together the conceptual tools of multilevel governance and policy networks and developing a framework for using these tools together in future research, this clearly written study will be valuable for scholars and students of EU and British politics.

THE PROBLEM WITH MULTI-LEVEL MARKETING

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THE PROBLEM WITH MULTI-LEVEL MARKETING

An Introduction to Multilevel Modeling Techniques

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An Introduction to Multilevel Modeling Techniques

Multi-Level Decision Making

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This monograph presents new developments in multi-level decision-making theory, technique and method in both modeling and solution issues. It especially presents how a decision support system can support managers in reaching a solution to a multi-level decision problem in practice. This monograph combines decision theories, methods, algorithms and applications effectively. It discusses in detail the models and solution algorithms of each issue of bi-level and tri-level decision-making, such as multi-leaders, multi-followers, multi-objectives, rule-set-based, and fuzzy parameters. Potential readers include organizational managers and practicing professionals, who can use the methods and software provided to solve their real decision problems; PhD students and researchers in the areas of bi-level and multi-level decision-making and decision support systems; students at an advanced undergraduate, master's level in information systems, business administration, or the application of computer science.

Federalism, Feminism and Multilevel Governance

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Until recently, few gender scholars took notice of the impact of state architecture on women's representation, political opportunities, and policy achievements. Likewise scholars of federalism, devolution and multilevel governance have largely ignored their gender impact. For the first time, this book explores how women's politics is affected by and affects federalism, whether in Australia, Canada, India, Mexico, Nigeria, Russia or the US. Equally, it assesses the gender implications of devolution and multilevel governance in the European Union, including case studies of the UK and Germany. Globally, multilevel governance is providing new arenas for women's politics. For example, CEDAW (the UN Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women) has led most governments to adopt gender-equality norms while other UN instruments have supported Aboriginal self-government. Gender scholars will find especially valuable what is revealed about the impact of political architecture on a broad range of policy issues, including gay marriage, reproductive rights and childcare. Federalism scholars will benefit from the book's wide range of cases, comparative themes and combination of gender and federalism perspectives. Written by leading experts, this book fills an important gap in both literatures.

Multilevel Analysis

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/multilevel-analysis-2...
Applauded for its clarity, this accessible introduction helps readers apply multilevel techniques to their research. The book also includes advanced extensions, making it useful as both an introduction for students and as a reference for researchers. Basic models and examples are discussed in nontechnical terms with an emphasis on understanding the methodological and statistical issues involved in using these models. The estimation and interpretation of multilevel models is demonstrated using realistic examples from various disciplines including psychology, education, public health, and sociology. Readers are introduced to a general framework on multilevel modeling which covers both observed and latent variables in the same model, while most other books focus on observed variables. In addition, Bayesian estimation is introduced and applied using accessible software.

Multilevel Modeling for Social and Personality Psychology

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Electronic Inspection Copy available here The volume begins with a rationale for multilevel modeling (MLM). Different aspects of MLM such as centering and modeling error terms are discussed, and examining hypotheses within the multilevel framework is considered in detail. Step by step instructions for conducting multilevel analyses using the program HLM are presented, and these instructions are linked to data sets and program files on a website. The SAGE Library in Social and Personality Psychology Methods provides students and researchers with an understanding of the methods and techniques essential to conducting cutting-edge research. Each volume within the Library explains a specific topic and has been written by an active scholar (or scholars) with expertise in that particular methodological domain. Assuming no prior knowledge of the topic, the volumes are clear and accessible for all readers. In each volume, a topic is introduced, applications are discussed, and readers are led step by step through worked examples. In addition, advice about how to interpret and prepare results for publication are presented.
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