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Multilevel Citizenship

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/multilevel-citizenship-1...
This book is the first monograph on one of the least studied and most controversial European Union citizenship rights. Despite the importance of consular protection in a globalised world, many EU Member States are reluctant to recognise consular protection for EU citizens abroad as a right, leading to a protracted struggle to place the right to consular protection on a solid legal basis through a directive. This book examines the right to consular protection as an illustrative case in the debate over a multilevel design of EU citizenship combining rules from several different legal systems, whose interplay is reinforced by the extra-territorial character of consular protection. It offers a comparative analysis of the provision of consular protection in the 28 EU Member States as well as of the respective international law and EU rules. By examining the right to consular protection in its constitutional setting as a right flowing from EU citizenship, the book frames the analysis of all EU citizenship rights as fundamental rights in a multilevel-governance context.

Multilevel Statistical Models

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/multilevel-statistical-mode...
Throughout the social, medical and other sciences the importance of understanding complex hierarchical data structures is well understood. Multilevel modelling is now the accepted statistical technique for handling such data and is widely available in computer software packages. A thorough understanding of these techniques is therefore important for all those working in these areas. This new edition of Multilevel Statistical Models brings these techniques together, starting from basic ideas and illustrating how more complex models are derived. Bayesian methodology using MCMC has been extended along with new material on smoothing models, multivariate responses, missing data, latent normal transformations for discrete responses, structural equation modeling and survival models. Key Features: Provides a clear introduction and a comprehensive account of multilevel models. New methodological developments and applications are explored. Written by a leading expert in the field of multilevel methodology. Illustrated throughout with real-life examples, explaining theoretical concepts. This book is suitable as a comprehensive text for postgraduate courses, as well as a general reference guide. Applied statisticians in the social sciences, economics, biological and medical disciplines will find this book beneficial.

Europeanization and Multilevel Governance

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/europeanization-and-multile...
Europeanization has become a major theme within European studies in recent years, emphasizing the domestic effects of the EU on its member and applicant states. At the same time, multilevel governance has emerged as an important concept, highlighting shifts both in horizontal relations between state and society and in vertical links between actors at different territorial levels. In this state-of-the-art study, Ian Bache traces the relationship between these two key elements, considering the extent to which Europeanization advances multilevel governance within member states through the requirements of EU cohesion policy. Bache focuses especially on Britain, a member state whose political system has been increasingly characterized by multilevel governance since it became an EU member. Comparing Britain's case to that of ten other member states, the author distinguishes between the EU's effects in simple polities-in which voice, influence, and power are diffused through multiple levels and modes of governance-and in compound polities, where voice, influence, and power are more concentrated. Bringing together the conceptual tools of multilevel governance and policy networks and developing a framework for using these tools together in future research, this clearly written study will be valuable for scholars and students of EU and British politics.

Teaching Large Multilevel Classes

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/teaching-large-multilevel-c...
This book provides practical advice for teachers who work with large, mixed-ability classes. It offers a wide variety of activities to develop student motivation, interest, participation and responsibility.

Methodology and Epistemology of Multilevel Analysis

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/methodology-and-epistemolog...
The purpose of the multilevel approach is to understand individual behaviors taking into account the social context in which they occur. This book deals with concepts and methods underlying this approach. This book is of interest to a broad audience of social scientists, statisticians and philosophers concerned with new issues raised by the multilevel approach, and more generally with explanation in the social sciences.

Multilevel Modeling

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/multilevel-modeling...
This book illustrates the current work of leading multilevel modeling (MLM) researchers from around the world. The book's goal is to critically examine the real problems that occur when trying to use MLMs in applied research, such as power, experimental design, and model violations. This presentation of cutting-edge work and statistical innovations in multilevel modeling includes topics such as growth modeling, repeated measures analysis, nonlinear modeling, outlier detection, and meta analysis. This volume will be beneficial for researchers with advanced statistical training and extensive experience in applying multilevel models, especially in the areas of education; clinical intervention; social, developmental and health psychology, and other behavioral sciences; or as a supplement for an introductory graduate-level course.

Multilevel Governance. Profili costituzionali

https://www.kobo.com/us/it/ebook/multilevel-governance-profi...
Che cos'è la multilevel governance? È un concetto descrittivo oppure un principio giuridico? Quali sono i suoi effetti sull'ordinamento costituzionale italiano? In quale modo impatta sulla vita quotidiana di istituzioni e cittadini? Il volume si confronta con queste e altre domande, individuando la genesi di ciascun interrogativo, dando atto del dibattito sul punto, proponendo delle risposte e analizzando dei casi pratici, focalizzando il tema sui rapporti tra Regioni, istituzioni statali e UE. La governance a più livelli è tema di stretta attualità: riguarda l'esercizio del potere nel difficile coordinamento tra unità e autonomia, tra pluralismo e approcci globali. La prospettiva costituzionale permette di analizzarlo non solo secondo il punto di vista degli enti pubblici, ma pure alla luce di quei principi giuridici che rendono possibile la visibilità e la responsabilità del potere stesso nei confronti dei cittadini, così come nell'ottica dei principi fondamentali, con particolare riguardo alla natura e al ruolo delle Regioni nel servire la comunità.

Applied Multilevel Analysis

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/applied-multilevel-analysis...
This is a practical introduction to multilevel analysis suitable for all those doing research. Most books on multilevel analysis are written by statisticians, and they focus on the mathematical background. These books are difficult for non-mathematical researchers. In contrast, this volume provides an accessible account on the application of multilevel analysis in research. It addresses the practical issues that confront those undertaking research and wanting to find the correct answers to research questions. This book is written for non-mathematical researchers and it explains when and how to use multilevel analysis. Many worked examples, with computer output, are given to illustrate and explain this subject. Datasets of the examples are available on the internet, so the reader can reanalyse the data. This approach will help to bridge the conceptual and communication gap that exists between those undertaking research and statisticians.

Multilevel Inverters

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/multilevel-inverters...
Multilevel Inverters: Conventional and Emerging Topologies and Their Control is written with two primary objectives: (a) explanation of fundamentals of multilevel inverters (MLIs) with reference to the general philosophy of power electronics; and (b) enabling the reader to systematically analyze a given topology with the possibility of contributing towards the ongoing evolution of topologies. The authors also present an updated status of current research in the field of MLIs with an emphasis on the evolution of newer topologies. In addition, the work includes a universal control scheme, with which any given topology can be modulated. Extensive qualitative and quantitative evaluations of emerging topologies give researchers and industry professionals suitable solutions for specific applications with a systematic presentation of software-based modeling and simulation, and an exploration of key issues. Topics covered also include power distribution among sources, voltage balancing, optimization switching frequency and asymmetric source configuration. This valuable reference further provides tools to model and simulate conventional and emerging topologies using MATLAB®/Simulink® and discusses execution of experimental set-up using popular interfacing tools. The book includes a Foreword by Dr. Frede Blaabjerg, Fellow IEEE, Professor and VILLUM Investigator, Aalborg University, Denmark. Includes a universal control scheme to help the reader learn the control of existing topologies and those which can be proposed in the futurePresents three new topologies. Systematic development of these topologies and subsequent simulation and experimental studies exemplify an approach to the development of newer topologies and verification of their working and experimental verification. Contains a systematic and step-by-step approach to modelling and simulating various topologies designed to effectively employ low-power applications

La gouvernance multi-level

https://www.kobo.com/us/fr/ebook/la-gouvernance-multi-level...
Notre Europe semble être condamnée à se trouver constamment dépassée par l'existence et la rapidité même de son propre mouvement: l'Europe comme formule historique est, dès lors, inlassablement - et nécessairement - débordée par sa réalité pratique. Il convient, en quelque sorte, de penser l'intégration européenne comme constitutive d'une frontière qui, privée d'essence, doit être régulièrement déplacée, retravaillée et finalement toujours repensée. L'Europe, malgré ce statut ontologique étrange, interfère, néanmoins, à tous les niveaux dans notre existence et transforme - souvent en profondeur - aussi bien nos ordres juridiques que notre vie quotidienne. Les effets de l'intégration européenne sont, dès lors, nombreux et puissants et bouleversent la structure classique de nos instances étatiques. La norme fondamentale sur laquelle repose nos régimes politiques, la Constitution, est, elle-même, profondément concernée par cette construction internationale. De forts et itératifs courants de constitutionnalisation se développent à la fois selon des inclinaisons ascendante et descendante impliquant non seulement l'intégration des conséquences des traités constitutifs au coeur des chartes fondamentales des États membres; mais, également, une irrigation du droit de l'Union par les principes fondamentaux présents dans ces mêmes textes fondamentaux des États membres. Enfin, ces mouvements sont, eux-mêmes, consolidés par la mise en oeuvre de ce que la doctrine présente comme une constitutionnalisation transversale qui se forme à partir de l'établissement d'un véritable dialogue juridictionnel entre les divers organes juridictionnels nationaux et européens.

Multilevel Modeling Using R

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/multilevel-modeling-using-r...
A powerful tool for analyzing nested designs in a variety of fields, multilevel/hierarchical modeling allows researchers to account for data collected at multiple levels. Multilevel Modeling Using R provides you with a helpful guide to conducting multilevel data modeling using the R software environment. After reviewing standard linear models, the authors present the basics of multilevel models and explain how to fit these models using R. They then show how to employ multilevel modeling with longitudinal data and demonstrate the valuable graphical options in R. The book also describes models for categorical dependent variables in both single level and multilevel data. The book concludes with Bayesian fitting of multilevel models. For those new to R, the appendix provides an introduction to this system that covers basic R knowledge necessary to run the models in the book. Through the R code and detailed explanations provided, this book gives you the tools to launch your own investigations in multilevel modeling and gain insight into your research.

Multilevel Modeling Using Mplus

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/multilevel-modeling-using-m...
This book is designed primarily for upper level undergraduate and graduate level students taking a course in multilevel modelling and/or statistical modelling with a large multilevel modelling component. The focus is on presenting the theory and practice of major multilevel modelling techniques in a variety of contexts, using Mplus as the software tool, and demonstrating the various functions available for these analyses in Mplus, which is widely used by researchers in various fields, including most of the social sciences. In particular, Mplus offers users a wide array of tools for latent variable modelling, including for multilevel data.

Europeanization and Multilevel Governance

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/europeanization-and-multile...
Europeanization has become a major theme within European studies in recent years, emphasizing the domestic effects of the EU on its member and applicant states. At the same time, multilevel governance has emerged as an important concept, highlighting shifts both in horizontal relations between state and society and in vertical links between actors at different territorial levels. In this state-of-the-art study, Ian Bache traces the relationship between these two key elements, considering the extent to which Europeanization advances multilevel governance within member states through the requirements of EU cohesion policy. Bache focuses especially on Britain, a member state whose political system has been increasingly characterized by multilevel governance since it became an EU member. Comparing Britain's case to that of ten other member states, the author distinguishes between the EU's effects in simple polities-in which voice, influence, and power are diffused through multiple levels and modes of governance-and in compound polities, where voice, influence, and power are more concentrated. Bringing together the conceptual tools of multilevel governance and policy networks and developing a framework for using these tools together in future research, this clearly written study will be valuable for scholars and students of EU and British politics.

Theory of Hierarchical, Multilevel, Systems

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/theory-of-hierarchical-mult...
In this book, we study theoretical and practical aspects of computing methods for mathematical modelling of nonlinear systems. A number of computing techniques are considered, such as methods of operator approximation with any given accuracy; operator interpolation techniques including a non-Lagrange interpolation; methods of system representation subject to constraints associated with concepts of causality, memory and stationarity; methods of system representation with an accuracy that is the best within a given class of models; methods of covariance matrix estimation;methods for low-rank matrix approximations; hybrid methods based on a combination of iterative procedures and best operator approximation; andmethods for information compression and filtering under condition that a filter model should satisfy restrictions associated with causality and different types of memory. As a result, the book represents a blend of new methods in general computational analysis, and specific, but also generic, techniques for study of systems theory ant its particularbranches, such as optimal filtering and information compression- Best operator approximation- Non-Lagrange interpolation- Generic Karhunen-Loeve transform- Generalised low-rank matrix approximation- Optimal data compression- Optimal nonlinear filtering

Multilevel Citizenship

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/multilevel-citizenship-2...
This book is the first monograph on one of the least studied and most controversial European Union citizenship rights. Despite the importance of consular protection in a globalised world, many EU Member States are reluctant to recognise consular protection for EU citizens abroad as a right, leading to a protracted struggle to place the right to consular protection on a solid legal basis through a directive. This book examines the right to consular protection as an illustrative case in the debate over a multilevel design of EU citizenship combining rules from several different legal systems, whose interplay is reinforced by the extra-territorial character of consular protection. It offers a comparative analysis of the provision of consular protection in the 28 EU Member States as well as of the respective international law and EU rules. By examining the right to consular protection in its constitutional setting as a right flowing from EU citizenship, the book frames the analysis of all EU citizenship rights as fundamental rights in a multilevel-governance context.

An Introduction to Multilevel Modeling Techniques

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/an-introduction-to-multilev...
An Introduction to Multilevel Modeling Techniques

THE PROBLEM WITH MULTI-LEVEL MARKETING

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/the-problem-with-multi-leve...
THE PROBLEM WITH MULTI-LEVEL MARKETING

Multilevel Analysis of Educational Data

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/multilevel-analysis-of-educ...
Multilevel Analysis of Educational DataBayesian methodsEmpirical BayesGeneralized least squaresProfile likelihoodsE-M algorithmFisher scoring proceduresBoth educational and social science applications

Multilevel Governance and Emergency Management in Canadian Municipalities

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/multilevel-governance-and-e...
Whether it is wildfires in Alberta, widespread flooding in Newfoundland, or massive snowstorms in Nova Scotia, Canadian governments must be prepared to manage a range of emergencies. Many organizations and resources have to be coordinated in emergency management, and the quality of emergency planning has a direct impact on the effectiveness of disaster response. Municipalities have primary responsibility, but emergency management requires authority and resources from all levels of government as well as collaboration with stakeholders from the private and voluntary sectors. Drawing on extensive documentary evidence and many interviews with government officials and stakeholders, Multilevel Governance and Emergency Management in Canadian Municipalities provides a comprehensive assessment of the structure and dynamics of emergency management in Canada. Contributors analyze the role of the federal government, compare policies and governance in three different provinces, and examine approaches to emergency planning in thirteen municipalities of varying sizes. In addition to describing political and legal frameworks, essays investigate how emergency management policies are shaped by the relationships between municipal, provincial, and federal officials, as well as with social interests that are concerned about planning for emergencies. Contributors also assess the quality of emergency management. Despite the growing importance of emergency management, there has been little comparative research on Canadian policy making in this field. Multilevel Governance and Emergency Management in Canadian Municipalities provides insights into how governments have readied themselves for emergencies and how they can better prepare. Contributors include Norm Catto (Memorial University), Malcolm Grieve (retired, Acadia University), Geoffrey Hale (University of Lethbridge), Daniel Henstra (University of Waterloo), Luc Juillet (University of Ottawa), Junichiro Koji (PhD, University of Ottawa)

Rescaling Social Policies towards Multilevel Governance in Europe

https://www.kobo.com/us/en/ebook/rescaling-social-policies-t...
The workings of multi-level governance - institutional choices concerning centralisation, decentralisation and subsidiarity - are widely debated within European public policy, but few systematic studies assessing the effects of changing divisions of power for policy-making have been carried out. This volume offers an assessment of the workings of multi-level governance in terms of social welfare policy across different clusters of European states - Nordic, Southern European, Central and East European. This book reports on a major comparative study at the European Centre for Social Welfare policy and Research, which included partners from univerisities in Finland, France, Italy, Norway, Sweden, Poland, Spain and Switzerland. It reports on three particular policy areas: social assistance and local policies against poverty; activation and labour market policies; and care for the elderly. The authors describe different starting points, strategies and solutions in European countries which are facing similar challenges and could thus learn from each other. They explore the differences between European welfare regimes in terms of territorial responsibilities, the changes that have taken place over the past few years and their effects. The book is distinctive in highlighting comparative transversal and transnational issues of multi-level governance in social welfare policies, rather than presenting country reports.
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