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This is the only comprehensive, annotated bibliography of writing about biography. Rollyson, a biographer and scholar of biography, includes chapters on the history of biography (beginning in the Greco-Roman period and concluding with biographers such as Leon Edel and Richard Ellmann). Ample sections on psychobiography, the new feminist biography, and on biographers who appear in works of fiction, are also included. Cited in many recent books on the genre of biography, Biography: An Annotated Bibliography, is an essential research tool as well as a clearly written work for those wishing to browse through the commentary on this important genre.

The path of an individual human life - our biography - is something of a mystery. Despite the abundance of published biographies and autobiographies of celebrities and historical figures, the scientific study of human biography remains in its infancy. Yet as Steiner shows here, every biography is ruled by archetypal influences, patterns and laws. To what extent can an individual shape the stages of his or her biography? How much freedom of choice do we have, and how much of life is predetermined?

Automaton Biographies
Poetry about the search for self amidst the shrill din of technology.

Ruxton: A Biography
A biography of Bruce Ruxton, the man who has been the public face of the RSL for over 30 years.

A Bell's Biography
Includes the classic by Louisa May Alcott Includes easy-to-use search and navigation. Includes tap-and-go Table of Contents. Click here to go to the Collected Works of Louisa May Alcott

A Bell's Biography
Includes the classic by Louisa May Alcott Includes easy-to-use search and navigation. Includes tap-and-go Table of Contents. Click here to go to the Collected Works of Louisa May Alcott

Biographies du désir
Un roman de pure fiction et le récit de vie ne présentent pas de différence sensible. Copyright Electre

Norwich The Biography
'If only stones could speak.' Often, when we visit historic towns, churches, castles, or old family mansions, we wish that the people who were once connected with those places could step out of the shadowy walls and tell us stories about their distant past. This book aims to do just that, combining the history of the great city of Norwich with revelations concerning the lives and labours, the lamentations and loves, of rich and poor, the great and the ungodly, throughout the last 1,000 years. Drawing on information derived from historic documents, tomb inscriptions, parish records, diaries and newspapers, Norwich: The Biography conjures up a vivid panorama of life in one of Britain's most warm-hearted and fascinating cities.

Jack Layton Mini Biography
Jack Layton was a Canadian social democratic politician and Leader of the Official Opposition. He was leader of the New Democratic Party from 2003 to 2011 and the Member of Parliament for Toronto-Danforth from 2004 until his death. Under his leadership, support for the NDP increased in each election. In the 2011 election Layton led the NDP to the most successful result in the party's history, winning 103 seats-enough to form Canada's Official Opposition. Federal support for Layton and the NDP in the election was unprecedented, especially in the province of Quebec where the party won 59 out of 75 seats. He is considered one of the most respected politicians in Canadian history and is credited with reviving youth interest in the political process. Learn more about him in this informative biography!

Walt Disney Mini Biography
Walter Elias "Walt" Disney was an American business magnate, animator, cartoonist, producer, director, screenwriter, philanthropist and voice actor. A major figure within the American animation industry and throughout the world, he is regarded as an international icon, well known for his influence and contributions to the field of entertainment during the 20th century. As a Hollywood business mogul, he, along with his brother Roy O. Disney, co-founded Walt Disney Productions, which later became one of the best-known motion picture production companies in the world. The corporation is now known as The Walt Disney Company. As an animator and entrepreneur, Disney was particularly noted as a film producer and a popular showman, as well as an innovator in animation and theme park design. He and his staff created some of the world's most well-known fictional characters including Mickey Mouse, for whom Disney himself provided the original voice. Learn more about him in this informative and concise biography! *note: This biography deals with the historical Walt Disney, and claims no association with the Walt Disney Company*

American Biography
This collection of reviews, selected from Rollyson's New York Sun column, is as much about the romance of biography as it is about the American lives. Certain concerns resonate throughout the book: the American left's failure to reckon with Communist subversion, McCarthyism, and Stalinism, the problematic nature of authorized biography, the history of American biography, definitive biographies, literary biography, the differences between autobiography and biography, the importance of interviews in biographies of contemporary figures, the differences between history and biography, comparative biographies, the virtues of short biographies and of biographies for children, the tendency of biographers to fictionalize and of novelists to biographize, psychology and biography, Rollyson's own experience as a biographer, and the way biographers treat one another's work. Too many biographers, he believes, evince no interest in the biographical tradition. Concerned only with possession of their subjects, their proprietorial attitude deforms not only their biographies but also the genre itself. If biography is reviewed badly (receiving hardly more than a summary of the subject's life with a perfunctory nod to the biographer), it is because the biographical tradition has been disregarded or discounted. This book, in other words, has been written on the behalf of biography, a genre that still awaits a full vindication.

Pierre Trudeau Mini Biography
Pierre Trudeau was the 15th Prime Minister of Canada from April 20, 1968 to June 4, 1979, and again from March 3, 1980 to June 30, 1984. Trudeau began his political career as a lawyer, intellectual, and activist in Quebec politics. In the 1960s, he entered federal politics by joining the Liberal Party of Canada. He was appointed as Lester Pearson's Parliamentary Secretary, and later became his Minister of Justice. From his base in Montreal, Trudeau took control of the Liberal Party and became a charismatic leader, inspiring "Trudeaumania". From the late 1960s until the mid-1980s, he dominated the Canadian political scene and aroused passionate reactions. "Reason before passion" was his personal motto. He retired from politics in 1984, and John Turner succeeded him as Prime Minister. Admirers praise the force of Trudeau's intellect and salute his political acumen in preserving national unity against the Quebec sovereignty movement, suppressing a violent revolt, and establishing the Charter of Rights and Freedoms within Canada's constitution. Critics accuse him of arrogance, economic mismanagement, and unduly favouring the federal government relative to the provinces, especially in trying to distribute the oil wealth of the Prairies. Learn more about him in this informative biography!

Bismarck - A Biography
For some, he was the greatest chancellor Germany ever produced, others have stylised him as a "demon" and made him directly or indirectly responsible for almost everything that subsequently went wrong in German history. It seems to be clear that the truth - or better, the next best possible thing to it - lies somewhere in between. It is not the intention of this book to dictate to its readers exactly where. Rather, it is meant to supply some facts with their interpretation which may form the basis for a well-grounded image of this colourful personality. Based on modern academic research, but written in a lively, readable style. Includes many images. After historical studies in Berlin and Edinburgh, Dirk Müller has written for major newspapers. He has published several books on political and historical topics, including a popular portrait of Chancellor Merkel, successor of Bismarck.

Orlando: A Biography
Orlando: A Biography is an influential novel by Virginia Woolf, first published on 11 October 1928. A semi-biographical novel based in part on the life of Woolf's lover Vita Sackville-West, it is generally considered one of Woolf's most accessible novels. The novel has been influential stylistically, and is considered important in literature generally, and particularly in the history of women's writing and gender studies. A film adaptation was released in 1992, starring Tilda Swinton as Orlando and Quentin Crisp as Queen Elizabeth I. (

Shakira Mini Biography
Shakira Isabel Mebarak Ripoll (born February 2, 1977), is a Colombian singer-songwriter, dancer, record producer, choreographer, and model. Born and raised in Barranquilla, she began performing in school, demonstrating Latin, Arabic, and rock and roll influences and belly dancing abilities. She has won many awards including five MTV Video Music Awards, two Grammy Awards, eight Latin Grammy Awards, seven Billboard Music Awards, twenty-eight Billboard Latin Music Awards and has been Golden Globe-nominated. She has a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame, and she is one of the best-selling artists of all time, having sold more than 125 milion records including 70 million albums worldwide Outside of her work in the music industry, Shakira is also involved in philanthropic activities through charity work and benefit concerts, notably her Pies Descalzos Foundation, her performance at the "Clinton Global Initiative" created by former U.S. President Bill Clinton, and her invitation to the Oval Office by President Barack Obama in February 2010 to discuss early childhood development. In 2013, Shakira was listed on Forbes as one of the 100 most powerful women in the world. Learn more about her in this concise and informative biography!

Fred Hollows Biography
An awe-inspiring, inspirational and rollicking biography of the big-hearted, pioneering philanthropic eye-surgeon, Fred Hollows, written by his close friend, Australia's most trusted journalist, Ray Martin. Public opinion polls consistently place Fred Hollows next to Sir Donald Bradman as the most respected/greatest Australian of the last century. A recent national survey found that 82 % of Australians were able to identify Fred Hollows simply from a photograph (which placed him higher than most Prime Ministers). Remarkably, another survey by the Fred Hollows Foundation (FHF) found that 12% of people believe he is still alive. there is no doubt Fred was a truly remarkable person. After 21 years of operations there are now more than a million people around the globe who have had their cataract blindness fixed because of the direct intervention of the FHF, and indirectly - through the work of hundreds of Hollows trained surgeons, doctors and other medicos - it has been estimated that about five million cataract sufferers can see today because of the FHF. It's truly a medical miracle. As if that weren't enough, Fred Cossom Hollows A.C. was truly a most remarkable Australian. A world-renowned ophthalmologist, he was a controversial, complex - sometimes even contradictory - character, as 'game-changers' usually are. At the end of his too-short life, Fred Cossom Hollows was a gravel-voiced, often belligerent, pipe smoking, whisky swigging, hard-swearing Marxist, with a legendary bed-side manner as gentle and caring as Mother theresa. In his youth, after abandoning the seminary and a religious calling, Fred became a card-carrying member of the New Zealand Communist Party, then later the head of an Australian university medical school and was awarded an AC - the Companion of the Order of Australia, the nation's highest honour. He was arrested during the Springbok Rugby riots in the late 70's; he never backed-away from a fight in racist country pubs (and by his own admission

Descartes: A Biography
Descartes is best remembered for 'I think, therefore I am', but his main contribution to the history of ideas was to construct a philosophy that would be sympathetic to the emergence of the new sciences in the seventeenth century. He was midwife to the Scientific Revolution and a significant contributor to its key concepts, fashioning a philosophy that accommodated these needs whilst earning the unrelenting hostility of Catholic and Calvinist theologians. His contemporaries claimed that his proof of God's existence was so unsuccessful that he must have been a cryptic atheist, and that his skepticism served merely to fan the flames of libertinism. Descartes died in obscurity but became one of the most famous of philosophers, a status that he enjoys today. This is the first biography in English to address the full range of Descartes' interest in theology, philosophy, and the sciences, tracing his intellectual development throughout his career.

Reading Biography
Most book reviewers know very little about the history or the art of biography. Indeed, if there is any art in biography, it is the rare reviewer that acknowledges it or knows how to discuss it. Usually the reviewer regards biography as an occasion to wax eloquent about what he or she thinks of the subject. Little space, if any, is devoted to the biography's structure or style, to the biographer's peculiar problems, or to how the biography relates to others about the same subject. Carl Rollyson, a professional biographer and weekly columnist (On Biography) for The New York Sun, explores the ramifications of authorized and unauthorized biographies, investigates the relationship between biography and history, biography and fiction, biography and autobiography, as well commenting on certain perennial biographical subjects such as Napoleon, on sub genres such as children's biography, and on the most recent developments in life writing. Rollyson's aim is to reach not merely scholars but that vast general audience addicted to reading biography, enhancing their pleasure by providing insight (or you might say, the inside word) on how biographies are put together.

Marilyn: A Biography
An extraordinary biography of the legendary screen star Marilyn Monroe (originally published in 1973) by Norman Mailer, one of America's most important writers of the second half of the Twentieth Century. Mailer, the winner of two Pullitzer Prizes, was the first writer to explore the relationship between Monroe and Bobby Kennedy. When first published, this book was the subject of Time and Life Magazine cover stories, was on the New York Times Bestseller List and became a full selection of the Book of the Month Club.

Essays in Biography
Essays in Biography is a play on words conveying Carl Rollyson's attempt to explore the nature of biography in pieces about the history of the genre and in portrayals of biographers (Plutarch, Leon Edel, and W.A. Swanberg), literary figures (Lillian Hellman, Jack London), philosophers and critics (Leo Strauss and Hippolyte Taine), political figures (Winston Churchill and Napoleon), and artists (Rembrandt and Rubens). An essay in biography, Rollyson argues, is an effort to comprehend a life that is inherently incomplete and subject to revision. Many of the facts about a biographical subject's life that are blandly presented in reference books have been discovered by biographers at great cost to their reputations. With the history of biography as a censored genre in mind, he encourages readers of biography to look critically at the biographies they read-no matter whether those biographies are book-length narratives or short encyclopedia entries. Many of the pairings in Essays in Biography are meant to evoke Plutarch's presentation of "parallel lives." The biographical essay, Rollyson concludes, is a unique form of knowledge, one that modern critics have devalued by trying to separate the creator from his creation.
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