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The United States Army in South Vietnam

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PAM 360-234 The United States Army in South Vietnam 1968-09 "This pamphlet concerns the United States Army in South Vietnam- the military purpose, the kind of war being fought, and the nature of the enemy.

Uniform Of The Army Of The United States

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This document describes military uniforms for both officers and enlisted men, from coats, buttons, chevrons, to gloves and spurs. There is also a memoranda pertaining to clothing for retired officers, and sizes and measurements of various clothing issued by the Quartermaster Department

Bolt Action: Armies of the United States

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With this latest supplement for Bolt Action, players now have all the information they need to field the varied military forces of the United States of America. Entering the war after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States immediately went to war on several fronts. In Europe and Africa, the Americans battled against the Germans and Italians, while in the Pacific the men of the Army and Marines faced the forces of Imperial Japan. This book allows players to choose from dozens of different troop types including Sherman tanks, Marine raiders, and paratroopers, and build a US force to fight in any theatre of the war.

Bolt Action: Armies of the United States

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With this latest supplement for Bolt Action, players now have all the information they need to field the varied military forces of the United States of America. Entering the war after the attack on Pearl Harbor, the United States immediately went to war on several fronts. In Europe and Africa, the Americans battled against the Germans and Italians, while in the Pacific the soldiers of the Army and Marines faced the forces of Imperial Japan. This book allows players to choose from dozens of different troop types including Sherman tanks, Marine raiders, and paratroopers, and build a US force to fight in any theatre of the war.

United States Army in WWII - Europe - Breakout and Pursuit

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[Includes 33 maps and 97 illustrations]The campaign in the summer of 1944 related in this volume included some of the most spectacular ground action of the U.S. Army during World War II. It began with the slow and costly hedgerow fighting against determined German efforts to contain the Normandy beachhead; it entered its decisive stage when the breach of German defenses permitted full exploitation of the power and mobility of U.S. Army ground troops; and it reached the peak of brilliance with successive envelopments of principal German forces and the pursuit of their remnants north and east to free most of France, part of Belgium, and portions of the Netherlands. By late Aug. the war in the west appeared to be almost over, but the tyranny of logistics gave the enemy time to rally at the fortified West Wall and delay surrender for another eight months. Covering the period 1 July to 11 Sep. 1944, Breakout and Pursuit takes up the story of the European campaign at the time when the Allies considered their cross-Channel beachhead well established on the Continent. How the Allies exploited the initial success of their landings and drove from the shores of Normandy to the German border is the subject of the volume. The events of the period comprise a rich variety of military experience. Virtually every sort of major operation involving co-ordinated action of the combined arms is found: the grueling positional warfare of the battle of the hedgerows, the breakthrough of the main enemy position, exploitation, encirclement, and pursuit, as well as a number of actions falling under the general heading of special operations-an assault river crossing, the siege of a fortress, and night combat, among others. In their variety and complexity, these operations frequently bring into sharp focus the delicate problems of coalition warfare.

United States Army Third Infantry Division Directorate of Morale, Welfare, and Recreation

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The objective in this work was to analyze the structure and organization in the operations of a military organization that supports one of the greatest Divisions of the United States Army, the 3rd Infantry Division. The history of Morale, Welfare and Recreation Division as it relates to civilians employees, soldiers, family members and the Ft Stewart, Hunter Army Airfield Community. Morale, Welfare, and Recreation history started on the battlefields of World War 1 were Salvation Army sisters and Red Cross volunteers ministered to the needs of soldiers. The focus of this work provided administrative aspects of public administration and its effects on military success. On October 18th, 2007 Chief of Staff of the Army General George W. Casey Jr, and Secretary of the Army Pete Green signed and unveiled the Army Family Covenant pledging to support its soldiers and families, and active guard and reserve organizations with funding programs to deliver a quality of life commensurate with their service and sacrifices to the nation. It is this commitment that propelled and motivates this organization. The Army Morale, Welfare and Recreation exists because the United States Army states it is committed to the wellbeing of the community of people who serve and stand ready to defend the nation and enhance the lives of soldiers, their families, civilian employees and military retirees. In all organizations there will be transition, changes and improvements within their environments I hope with this work I have opened the minds and hearts of those brave men and women who love the military and the United States of America. With god on our side who can defeat us.

United States Army in WWII - the Pacific - CARTWHEEL: the Reduction of Rabaul

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[Includes 2 tables, 11 charts, 22 maps and 71 illustrations]The campaign described in the present volume was important to the Army as an experience in amphibious warfare and combined operations against a formidable and still resourceful enemy. It was also of critical importance in the evolution of American strategy in the Pacific. CARTWHEEL began as an uphill fight with means that seemed inadequate to the ends proposed, even though these were limited. But it swiftly brought our forces to a crest from which we were able to launch the two powerful drives, through the Southwest and Central Pacific, that crushed Japan before we redeployed the forces directed against Germany. The campaign put to the test the principle of unity of command, and also the capacity for co-operation between two theaters, one under Army, the other under Navy command, and both under forceful and dominant commanders. By ingenious and aggressive use of the ground, sea, and air forces at their disposal they made these suffice to achieve more than had been foreseen as possible, and opened up a new vista of strategy. They took a heavy toll of the enemy's resources, established the technique of bypassing his strongholds, including finally Rabaul itself, and threw him on the defensive. This book will be of interest not only to professional officers, but also to a wide variety of other readers and students.

United States Army Third Infantry Division Directorate of Morale, Welfare, and Recreation

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The objective in this work was to analyze the structure and organization in the operations of a military organization that supports one of the greatest Divisions of the United States Army, the 3rd Infantry Division. The history of Morale, Welfare and Recreation Division as it relates to civilians employees, soldiers, family members and the Ft Stewart, Hunter Army Airfield Community. Morale, Welfare, and Recreation history started on the battlefields of World War 1 were Salvation Army sisters and Red Cross volunteers ministered to the needs of soldiers. The focus of this work provided administrative aspects of public administration and its effects on military success. On October 18th, 2007 Chief of Staff of the Army General George W. Casey Jr, and Secretary of the Army Pete Green signed and unveiled the Army Family Covenant pledging to support its soldiers and families, and active guard and reserve organizations with funding programs to deliver a quality of life commensurate with their service and sacrifices to the nation. It is this commitment that propelled and motivates this organization. The Army Morale, Welfare and Recreation exists because the United States Army states it is committed to the wellbeing of the community of people who serve and stand ready to defend the nation and enhance the lives of soldiers, their families, civilian employees and military retirees. In all organizations there will be transition, changes and improvements within their environments I hope with this work I have opened the minds and hearts of those brave men and women who love the military and the United States of America. With god on our side who can defeat us.

United States Army in WWII - the Mediterranean - Cassino to the Alps

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[Includes 16 maps and 94 illustrations]"Wars should be fought," an American corps commander noted in his diary during the campaign in Italy, "in better country than this." It was indeed an incredibly difficult place to fight a war. The Italian peninsula is only some 150 miles wide, much of it dominated by some of the world's most precipitous mountains. Nor was the weather much help. It seemed to those involved that it was always either unendurably hot or bone-chilling cold. Yet American troops fought with remarkable courage and tenacity, and in company with a veritable melange of Allied troop. Despite the forbidding terrain, Allied commanders several times turned it to their advantage, achieving penetrations or breakthroughs over some of the most rugged mountains in the peninsula. To bypass mountainous terrain, the Allies at times resorted to amphibious landings, notably at Anzio. The campaign involved one ponderous attack after another against fortified positions: the Winter Line, the Gustav Line, the Gothic Line. It was also a campaign replete with controversy. Most troublesome of the questions that caused controversy were: Did the American commander, Mark Clark, err in focusing on the capture of Rome rather than conforming with the wishes of his British superior to try to trap retreating German forces? Did Allied commanders conduct the pursuit north of Rome with sufficient vigor? Indeed, should the campaign have been pursued all the way to the Alps when the Allies might have halted at some readily defensible line and awaited the outcome of the decisive campaign in northwestern Europe?Just as the campaign began on a note of covert politico-military maneuvering to achieve surrender of Italian forces, so it ended with intrigue and secret negotiations for a separate surrender of the Germans in Italy.

United States Army Special Forces In DESERT SHIELD/ DESERT STORM: How Significant An Impact?

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This study investigates the contributions made by the U.S. Army Special Forces (SF) during the Persian Gulf conflict. Particular emphasis is placed on each mission performed by the SF during operations DESERT SHIELD/ DESERT STORM. Emphasis is placed initially on the building-block foundation of how a Special Forces Group (Airborne) is organized, paying particular attention to the operational A-detachment and the makeup of the SF soldier, which is paramount to this study. Brief accounts and descriptions are made of the various missions assigned to SF's coalition warfare support, which involved providing "ground truth" and close air support to the Arab-allied units, border surveillance; direct action; special reconnaissance; and combat search and rescue. This provides a base of knowledge into the myriad of operations conducted by the SF during Operations DESERT SHIELD/STORM. The study concludes by examining published quotes from key leadership within the Department of Defense which provides this study with a measurable means of determining what significance the missions executed by the SF did have on the success of DESERT SHIELD/STORM.

United States Army in WWII - Europe - Cross-Channel Attack

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[Includes 4 charts, 31 maps and 62 illustrations]Cross-Channel Attack has been planned and written as the introduction to the history of those campaigns in 1944 and 1945 which led to the destruction of the German armies in the west. It provides necessary background for the study of all the campaigns in the European Theater of Operations. The narrative of operations ends on 1 July 1944, with the Allies firmly established in Normandy. The concluding chapters show the successful fruition of plans and preparations reaching back as far as January 1942; but the seizure of the Norman beaches and the establishment of a lodgment area are only a beginning, a point of departure for the drive to the Elbe and the Baltic. Although Cross Channel Attack includes discussion of certain problems of high command and logistics, a more complete treatment is accorded these subjects in two volumes now under preparation in this series: The Supreme Command and Logistical Support of the Armies. Whether the reader approaches the book with the justified pride that he was a member or supporter of the winning team, or whether he reads to learn, is a matter for him to decide. The victor tends to prepare to win the next war with the same means and methods with which he won the last. He forgets the difficulty of reaching decisions, the planning problems, his faltering, his unpreparedness. The vanquished is wont to search far afield for new and improved methods, means, and equipment. The accomplishments of those who fought in this period were indeed great, as were the sacrifices. But from the national viewpoint it would seem desirable to read this volume with the self-critical eye of the vanquished as well as with the pride of the victor, an approach which the thoughtful reader will not find difficult.

The Spy of the Rebellion: Being a True History of the Spy System of the United States Army during the Late Rebellion

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Allan J. Pinkerton was a Scottish American detective and spy, best known for creating the Pinkerton National Detective Agency. Pinkerton produced numerous popular detective books, ostensibly based on his own exploits and those of his agents. Some were published after his death, and they are considered to have been more motivated by a desire to promote his detective agency than a literary endeavour.

Elihu Root Study: The Total Army - United States Army War College Carlisle Scholars Program, 2016 Study on the Future of the United States Army - Strategic Environment, Culture, Command, Agility

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This important report has been professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction. This report is an analysis of the Army conducted by the Carlisle Scholars Program at the U.S. Army War College. Recent studies of the Army have tended to fixate on the mismatch between the ends of national military strategy and the means available to execute it, epitomized by the 2011 Budget Control Act and the 2012 Defense Strategic Guidance. This approach to framing risk is a "short game" that has achieved limited results. This study recommends that the Army reframe its approach. We believe that Army leaders are missing a critical opportunity to use the forcing mechanism of resource constraints to make essential internal changes. We advocate a "long game": the Army should focus less on communicating the gap between means and ends, and focus more on closing the gap by innovating in ways. Barring a transformative national security event, the study assumes that means-the financial resources and numerical strength authorized for the Army by the Congress-are unlikely to increase over the next decade. Furthermore, the Army influences but does not control the ends to which it is employed by policy makers. The great challenge for the Army is therefore to remain ready to meet the enduring needs of the nation despite constraints that it cannot control. We focus on how the Army can help itself, analyzing the ways by which the Army organizes and prepares itself to meet the nation's varied and unpredictable ends, using the means that it is given. The Army's ways, as well as its means, affect how it produces options for policy makers. The Army must manage its ways to achieve agility, which is here defined as the ability to provide a wide range of effective options in time to affect the outcome and at the lowest possible cost. The Army's choices about its ways are shaped by three powerful tensions: a volatile strategic environment that produces unpredictable demands for Arm

Winged Shield, Winged Sword: A History of the United States Air Force, Volume I, 1907-1950 - Army Air Forces, Building Air Power, World War II, Building the USAF

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This is the milestone official comprehensive history of the United States Air Force with compelling stories about America's airmen and their aircraft. This document, Volume I, contains the first 12 chapters and begins with balloons and the earliest heavier-than-air machines. It carries the story through World War II to the establishment of the United States Air Force as a service separate from, but equal to, the Army and the Navy. Contents: Part I: The Early and Interwar Years, 1907-1939 * Part II: World War II, 1939-1945 * Part III: Building the Air Force, 1945-1950 * Chapter 1 - The Roots of U.S. Military Aviation * Chapter 2 - The Air Service in the Great War * Chapter 3 - From Air Service to Air Corps: The Era of Billy Mitchell * Chapter 4 - The Coming of the GHQ Air Force, 1925-1935 * Chapter 5 - The Heyday of the GHQ Air Force, 1935-1939 * Chapter 6 - Reaction to the War in Europe * Chapter 7 - The Army Air Forces in Desperate Battle, 1941-1942 * Chapter 8 - Building Air Power * Chapter 9 - The Defeat of Italy and Germany * Chapter 10 - Victory over Japan * Chapter 11 - The Quest for Independence * Chapter 12 - Framing Air Force MissionsHistory is therefore important to the Air Force; the recorded past is a foundation for doctrine, policy, strategy, tactics, equipment development, organization, force structure, and virtually every other element of air power. This volume, published in commemoration of the fiftieth anniversary of the Air Force as an independent service, is especially valuable. Not only should it both inspire and enlighten the members of the Air Force, it should also serve as a convenient source of information for those outside the service who are interested in the origin, growth, evolution and application of American air power. Throughout its first century, military aviation helped advance the interests of the United States. From a curiosity, fragile and of uncertain value, the warplane has become a devastating weapon. Moreover, ballistic missiles

United States Army in WWII - the Mediterranean - Salerno to Cassino

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[Includes 16 maps and 94 illustrations]The focus of the American and British war effort in 1943 was on the ancient lands bordering the Mediterranean Sea where in May victory came at last in Tunisia and where in July Allied armies began a five-week campaign to conquer Sicily. The invasion of Italy in September sharpened that focus as Allied troops for the first time since 1940 confronted the German Army in a sustained campaign on the mainland of Europe. The fighting that followed over the next eight months was replete with controversial actions and decisions. These included apparent American peril during the early hours in the Salerno beachhead; a British advance from the toe of the peninsula that failed to ease the pressure at Salerno; the fight to cross a flooded Rapido River; the bombing of the Benedictine abbey on Monte Cassino; and the stalemated landings at Anzio. The author addresses these subjects objectively and candidly as he sets in perspective the campaign in Italy and its accomplishments. It was a grueling struggle for Allied and German soldier alike, a war of small units and individuals dictated in large measure by inhospitable terrain and wet and cold that soon immersed the battlefield. The methods commanders and men employed to defeat the terrain and a resourceful enemy are instructive now and will continue to be in the future, for the harsh conditions that were prevalent in Italy know no boundary in time. Nor do the problems and accomplishments of Allied command and co-ordination anywhere stand out in greater relief than in the campaign in Italy.

United States Army Infantry, Artillery, Armor/Cavalry Battalions 1957-2011

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Every infantry, cavalry, armor, field artillery, and air defense artillery battalion in the US Army 1957-2011 is listed, together with its station through the period.

United States Army in WWII - the Pacific - Leyte: the Return to the Philippines

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[Includes 10 tables, 9 charts, 54 maps and 88 illustrations]The landing of the American forces on Leyte on 20 October 1944 brought to fruition the long-cherished desire of General Douglas MacArthur to return to the Philippine Islands and avenge the humiliating reverses suffered in the early days of World War II. The successful conclusion of the campaign separated the Japanese-held Philippine Archipelago into two parts, with a strong American force between them. More important, it completed the severance of the Japanese mainland from the stolen southern empire in the Netherlands Indies from which oil, the lifeblood of modern warfare, had come. The Leyte Campaign, like other campaigns in the Pacific, was waged on the land, in the air, and on and under the sea. In this operation all branches of the American armed forces played significant roles. Therefore, although the emphasis in this volume is placed upon the deeds of the United States Army ground soldier, the endeavors of the aviator, the sailor, the marine and the Filipino guerrilla have been integrated as far as possible into the story in order to make the campaign understandable in its entirety. At the same time, every effort has been made to give the Japanese side of the story.

United States Army in WWII - the Pacific - Campaign in the Marianas

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[Includes 2 tables, 14 charts, 33 maps and 89 illustrations]In the capture of the southern Marianas during the summer of 1944, Army ground and air forces played an important, though subordinate, role to that of the Navy and its Marine Corps. Marine personnel constituted the bulk of the combat troops employed. The objective of this campaign was "to secure control of sea communications through the Central Pacific by isolating and neutralizing the Carolines and by the establishment of sea and air bases for operations against Japanese sea routes and long-range air attacks against the Japanese home land." Its success would provide steppingstones from which the Americans could threaten further attack westward toward the Philippines, Formosa, and Japan itself, and would gain bases from which the Army Air Forces' new very long range bombers, the B-29's, could strike at Japan's heartland. Recognizing and accepting the challenge, the Japanese Navy suffered heavy and irreplaceable losses in the accompanying Battle of the Philippine Sea; and the islands after capture became the base for all the massive air attacks on Japan, beginning in Nov. 1944.In the operations described in the present volume, landings against strong opposition demonstrated the soundness of the amphibious doctrine and techniques evolved out of hard experience in preceding Pacific operations. Bitter inland fighting followed the landings, with Army and Marine Corps divisions engaged side by side. The author's account and corresponding Marine Corps histories of these operations provide ample opportunity to study the differences in the fighting techniques of the two services. Dr. Crowl also deals frankly with one of the best-known controversies of World War II, that of Smith versus Smith, but concludes that it was the exception to generally excellent interservice co-operation.

United States Army In WWII - The Pacific - Guadalcanal: The First Offensive

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[Includes 3 charts, 36 maps and 107 illustrations]"The successes of the South Pacific Force," wrote Admiral Halsey in 1944, "were not the achievements of separate services or individuals but the result of whole-hearted subordination of self-interest by all in order that one successful 'fighting team' could be created." The history of any South Pacific campaign must deal with this "fighting team," with all United States and Allied services. The victory on Guadalcanal can be understood only by an appreciation of the contribution of each service. No one service won the battle. The most decisive engagement of the campaign was the air and naval Battle of Guadalcanal in mid-November 1942, an engagement in which neither Army nor Marine Corps ground troops took any direct part. This volume attempts to show the contribution of all services to the first victory on the long road to Tokyo. It does not describe all ground, air, and naval operations in detail but it does attempt, by summary when necessary, to show the relationship between air, ground, and surface forces in modern warfare.

United States Army in WWII - Europe - the Last Offensive

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[Includes 26 maps and 92 illustrations]The American armies that absorbed the shock of the German counteroffensives in the Ardennes and Alsace in the winter of 1944-45 were the most powerful and professional that the United States had yet put in the field. That this was the case was abundantly demonstrated as the final campaign to reduce Nazi Germany to total defeat unfolded. The campaign was remarkably varied. As it gathered momentum in the snows of the Ardennes and the mud and pillboxes of the West Wall, the fighting was often as bitter as any that had gone before among the hedgerows of Normandy and the hills and forests of the German frontier. Yet the defense which the Germans were still able to muster following the futile expenditure of lives and means in the counteroffensives was brittle. The campaign soon evolved into massive sweeps by powerful Allied columns across the width and breadth of Germany. That the Germans could continue to resist for more than two months in the face of such overwhelming power was a testament to their pertinacity but it was a grim tragedy as well. To such an extent had they subjugated themselves to their Nazi leaders that they were incapable of surrender at a time when defeat was inevitable and surrender would have spared countless lives on both sides. It was a dramatic campaign: the sweep of four powerful U.S. armies to the Rhine; the exhilarating capture of a bridge at Remagen; assault crossings of the storied Rhine River, including a spectacular airborne assault; an ill-fated armored raid beyond Allied lines; the trapping of masses of Germans in a giant pocket in the Ruhr industrial region; the uncovering of incredible horror in German concentration camps; a dashing thrust to the Elbe River; juncture with the Russians; and a Wagnerian climax played to the accompaniment of Russian artillery fire in the F├╝hrerbunker in Berlin.
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