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Campaign Planning Handbook - Academic Year 2013 - United States Army War College

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The purpose of this document is to assist United States Army War College students during the Theater Strategy and Campaigning (TSC) Course. It supplements Joint Doctrine and contains elements of emerging doctrine as practiced in the field. It portrays a way to apply doctrine and emerging doctrine at the higher levels of joint command, with a primary emphasis at the Combatant Command level. Commanders have used campaign planning to synchronize efforts and sequence several related operations throughout history. Gen. George Washington planned the Campaign of 1781 to coordinate the actions of a French fleet, a French expeditionary army, and his "main army" to destroy the British forces at Yorktown. Lt. Gen. Ulysses S. Grant planned simultaneous offensives by his subordinate commands against the Confederacy for the 1864 Campaign. During World War II, campaign planning became essential to coordinate the actions of joint and combined forces in all Allied theaters. As a mature example of campaign planning in the later stages of World War II in the Pacific Theater of War, Douglas MacArthur issued his Strategic Plan for Operations in the Japanese Archipelago, DOWNFALL, in May 1945. In this 25-page document MacArthur explained how the plan "…visualizes attainment of the assigned objectives by two (2) successive operations (OLYMPIC and CORONET)." The cover letter described this plan as a "general guide covering the larger phases of allocation of means and of coordination, both operational and logistic. It is not designed to restrict executing agencies in detailed development of their final plans of operation." Campaign planning received new emphasis during Operation DESERT STORM in 1991, when Gen. Norman Schwarzkopf used a campaign plan to guide the synchronized employment of his forces. In the wake of Operations ENDURING FREEDOM and IRAQI FREEDOM, theater strategy and campaign planning have become high priorities within the Department of Defense, and several other executive

Operational Use of the U.S. Army Reserve in Foreign Disaster Relief (FDR) to Support the Government's Strategic Use of Humanitarian Assistance and Response - Effect of Climate Change, Urbanization

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This excellent report has been professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction. Although it is impossible to predict the future, the operational environment of 2025 and beyond may require additional military support to the United States Government's agencies in Foreign Disaster Relief (FDR). Global climate change, urbanization, growing natural resources scarcity, and other factors will increase the need for humanitarian assistance (HA) and disaster relief. At the same time, the Department of Defense (DoD) is undergoing budget and force reductions. The confluence of these factors and interaction of these variables in the current and future operational environment may require increased FDR capability and support from the military. Options for how the DoD will address FDR should be explored. Given the unique capabilities of the United States Army Reserve (USAR), congruent with FDR, the USAR may be best suited for the primary role in FDR missions. This monograph explores the current and future environment and provides analysis of the USAR to serve as a DoD option with a primary responsibility in FDR. The DoD's involvement in supporting the USG humanitarian assistance and disaster response (HADR) efforts through FDR will likely increase due to changing environmental conditions caused by climate change. Climate change is a major contributor to emerging natural resource scarcity, the increase in frequency of natural disasters, and other extreme weather events that influence the economic, social, and political stability of impacted nations. Insurgents and malign actors can capitalize on the prevailing unstable conditions created or exacerbated by climate change events or impacts. In addition, as nations have closed their borders to US presence, interaction, and influence, USG efforts in FDR can be a valuable tool to break down barriers and foster diplomacy.

FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES

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FEDERAL GOVERNMENT OF THE UNITED STATES This Book is Federal Government Book; it should not be under estimated by any Faculty or Individual. The book contains all roles of President, United States Congress, United States Judiciary, and United States Inner Executive Departments are: United States Department of States; United States Department of Treasury, United States Department of Defense, United States Department of Justice, and United States Department of Homeland Security; and others Offices that have Rank of Cabinet-Level, and they are: Vice President of the United States Office; Executive Office of the President (White House); Office of Budget and Management; Office of the U.S. Trade Representative; Environmental Protection Agency; United States Mission to United Nations; United States Council of Economic Advisors; United States Department of Army Forces; United States Department of Air Forces; United States Department of Naval Operations; United States Marine Corps/Commands; and United States of America's short history, and United States Constitution. However, the above mentioned Departments have more than one thousand Agencies. Author: Pan

Troops In Campaign: Regulations For The Army Of The United States

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The President of the United States directs that the following regulations for troops in campaign be published for tlie government of all concerned, and that they be strictly observed. Nothing contrary to the tenor of those regulations will be enjoined in any part of the forces of the United States by any commander whatsoever.

United States Army in WWII - Europe - the Supreme Command

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[Includes 11 tables, 9 charts, 15 maps and 65 illustrations]This Volume tells the story of the Supreme Headquarters of that Allied Expeditionary Force which seized a foothold on the German-held shores of Western Europe in 1944 and which, by the following year, had completed the liberation of all Western Europe. This is a history of coalition warfare. It is focused upon the agency in which the decisions of governments were translated into orders, and upon the decisions of General Eisenhower, the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force. The narrative describes the plans and recounts the events, controversial or otherwise, leading up to the creation of the Supreme Command and the choice of a Supreme Commander for the cross-Channel attack. It follows the history of this great command to the surrender of Germany. It is the history not only of the decisions that led to victory, but of the discussions, debates, conferences and compromises that proceeded decisions. Controversy was inevitable in an undertaking that required the subordination of national interests to the common good. The author does not gloss over the conflicts that arose between allied nations or individuals. The picture that emerges from these pages is one of discussion and argument, but nevertheless one of teamwork. Differences of opinion and the discussion incident thereto are often the price of sound decisions. The history of the battles fought by the American armies of the Grand Alliance as they drove from the Normandy beaches into the heart of Germany is given detailed exposition in other volumes of this series, some of which already have been presented to the public. The present volume deals with the command exercised by the Supreme Allied Commander, the decisions made by the Supreme Commander and his staff, and the operations conducted under the aegis of the Supreme Headquarters.

The Posse Comitatus Act (PCA) and the United States Army: A Historical Perspective - Whiskey Rebellion, Fugitive Slave Act, Reconstruction, Grant, 1992 Los Angeles Riots, Branch Davidian Assault

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This excellent report has been professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction. Anytime the use of US Armed Forces in support of civil authorities is considered, government and military leaders, pundits, and citizens reflexively turn to the Posse Comitatus Act for guidance. Since 9/11, the US Armed Forces face an increased likelihood that they will be called on to participate in actions typically viewed as civil matters. Many have also called for an increased role for the US Armed Forces in responding to natural disasters. Though many constitutional provisions, laws, and legal rulings govern this question, in the minds of many, the Posse Comitatus Act has prominence. Most individuals think they know what the Posse Comitatus Act allows and disallows; most of them are wrong. Before 1878, the use of the US Army in support of and at times instead of civil law enforcement was rare; however, it was not considered unlawful. The Civil War and Reconstruction forced a reexamination of those precedents and the legal principles behind them. After the passage of the Posse Comitatus Act in 1878, the Armed Forces have been called on much less frequently to conduct civil law enforcement duties. When employed, their use has been controversial, and the constitutional basis for their use has been challenged in the media, in politics, and in the courts. In this monograph, Matt Matthews provides an insightful overview of the passage of the PCA during the Reconstruction era. He then reviews case studies in which the armed forces were called on to support civil authorities and examines how military leaders dealt with the provisions of the act. Finally, Mr. Matthews calls for a much-needed review of the act, now more than 125 years old. This monograph will be a useful read for military and civilian professionals alike who will likely be called on to make critical decisions regarding the use of US Armed Forces in support of civil authorities. CSI-The Past is Prol

The United States Army in Afghanistan: Operation Enduring Freedom, March 2002 - April 2005 - Creating the Afghan National Army, Taliban, al Qaeda, President Karzai

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The terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center and the Pentagon on 11 September 2001 dramatically changed the world in which we live. Never had an enemy attacked us on our own soil to such effect. Over three thousand Americans and several hundred foreign nationals from over ninety countries died that day at the hands of a ruthless, and to some degree faceless, enemy. The terrorist organization known as al-Qaeda, perpetrator of the attack, operated in the shadows to take advantage of the freedom and openness that are American hallmarks. Afghanistan, a known training ground and a safe haven for al-Qaeda, quickly became the focus of the first military efforts to strike back. Osama bin Laden, al-Qaeda's enigmatic leader, believed he and his followers were beyond the reach of American arms in that far-off mountainous land, protected by its fanatical Taliban regime. Bin Laden was wrong, and America reached deep into Central Asia to find his organization and neutralize it. Most Americans are familiar with the military operation that subsequently took place in Afghanistan. In a matter of months, the U.S. Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, and Navy, in a masterful display of joint operations and in concert with our Afghan allies, overthrew the Taliban regime and drove the terrorist al-Qaeda into worldwide flight. This document provides details on the role of the U.S. Army in the critical three-year period following the conclusion of Operation Anaconda in March 2002. It details the story of American and international forces working to solidify the initial invasion's crippling of al-Qaeda and removal of the Taliban. It recounts the story of the quest to build a new, democratic Afghan government capable of maintaining internal security and tending to the needs of the Afghan people. It tells the tale of the U.S. Army's search for a proper balance between counterterrorism and counterinsurgency operations as the enemy rebuilt his forces from safe havens in Pakistan. Finally, it chroni

If We Don't, Who Will? Employment of the United States Army to Combat Potential Pandemic Outbreaks in West Africa: Military Assistance in the 2014 Ebola Virus Outbreak

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This excellent report has been professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction. A glance at a newspaper or news program between May through June of 2014 tells the story. The Ebola virus developed into the foremost major crisis in West Africa, more specifically Liberia. The Liberian government became increasingly unable to manage the situation and the pandemic outbreak threatened to de-stabilize civil society. But what does this have to do with the United States? Why should Americans worry about a virus affecting people 4,600 miles away? Beyond providing medical aid and money, why would the U.S. deploy the Army into this crisis area? What would such a military operation look like? These questions will be explored in order to support or refute use of the Army in response to potential pandemic outbreaks in West Africa. CHAPTER 1 - INTRODUCTION * CHAPTER 2 - LITERATURE REVIEW * CHAPTER 3 - RESEARCH METHODOLOGY * CHAPTER 4 - DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS * CHAPTER 5 - CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONSIs there any other agency within the U.S. government that could respond instead of the Army? Two groups stand out as the most likely- the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Civilian Response Corps (CRC). Both have mission statements that infer the capability to respond internationally in the event of a pandemic outbreak. According to USAID, the CRC's mission statement is to, under unified operating procedures, plan, coordinate, and conduct stabilization, reconstruction and conflict transformation operations abroad. USAID's mission is to partner with civil authorities to end extreme poverty and to promote resilient, democratic societies while advancing our security and prosperity (USAID 2014). Beyond this, the capacity of either agency to effectively reach the desired end state must be considered when determining if the U.S. Army is the only available resource able to respond.

United States Army in World War II: The European Theater of Operations: The Supreme Command - SHAEF, D-Day Invasion, Pursuit to the Seine, Rhine, Fighting in the North, Drive to the Elbe, Surrender

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This is an extraordinary history of the Supreme Headquarters of World War II, telling the important stories of the commanders and decisions responsible for defeating Nazi Germany. This volume tells the story of the Supreme Headquarters of that Allied Expeditionary Force which seized a foothold on the German-held shores of western Europe in 1944 and which, by the following year, had completed the liberation of all western Europe. This is a history of coalition warfare. It is focused upon the agency in which the decisions of governments were translated into orders, and upon the decisions of General Eisenhower, the Supreme Commander, Allied Expeditionary Force. The narrative describes the plans and recounts the events, controversial or otherwise, leading up to the creation of the Supreme Command and the choice of a Supreme Commander for the cross-Channel attack. It follows the history of this great command to the surrender of Germany. It is the history not only of the decisions that led to victory, but of the discussions, debates, conferences and compromises that preceded decisions. Controversy was inevitable in an undertaking that required the subordination of national interests to the common good. The author does not gloss over the conflicts that arose between allied nations or individuals. The picture that emerges from these pages is one of discussion and argument, but nevertheless one of teamwork. Differences of opinion and the discussion incident thereto are often the price of sound decisions. CHAPTER I - THE SUPREME COMMANDER * The Selection of the Supreme Commander * The New Commander * CHAPTER II - THE COALITION COMMAND * Heads of Governments * Combined Chiefs of Staff * The Supreme Commander and His Subordinates * The Organization of the Subordinate Commands * The Supreme Commander's Directive * CHAPTER III - THE NATURE OF SHAEF * Contributions of AFHQ * Contributions of COSSAC * The Chief Deputies * CHAPTER IV - THE MACHINERY OF SHAEF * The Powers Reserved to

The Revolutionary War (War of American Independence): United States Army and the Forging of a Nation, from Colonial Militia to the Continental Army in the American Revolution, Valley Forge, Yorktown

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This significant historical work produced by the U.S. Army Center of Military History about the overall history of the American Revolution. Excerpted from the Army Historical Series - American Military History, Volume 1, Second Edition, it provides a great overview of the Revolutionary War from the beginnings to the surrender of Cornwallis and Yorktown. The United States as a nation was in its origins a product of English expansion in the New World in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, a part of the general outward thrust of West European peoples in this epoch. British people and institutions, transplanted to a new continent and mixed with people of different origins, underwent changes that eventually produced a distinctive American culture. In no area was the interaction of the two influences-European heredity and American environment-more apparent than in the shaping of the military institutions of the new nation. The American Revolution came about fundamentally because by 1763 the English-speaking communities on the far side of the Atlantic had matured to the extent that their interests and goals were distinct from those of the ruling classes in the mother country. British statesmen failed to understand or adjust to the situation. Ironically enough, British victory in the Seven Years' War set the stage for the revolt, for it freed the colonists from the need for British protection against a French threat on their frontiers and gave free play to the forces working for separation. In 1763 the British government, reasonably from its own point of view, moved to tighten the system of imperial control and to force the colonists to contribute to imperial defense. As part of an effort to make the costs of empire be borne by all British subjects, his majesty's government sought to create an "American Establishment," a force of 10,000 British regular soldiers in North America. The cost of this military force would be paid for by taxes the British Parliament levied on A

Chinese People's Liberation Army and Information Warfare: PLA, Network-Centric Warfare, Electronic and Cyber Warfare, China Espionage, Implications for United States, Psychological Warfare

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On November 23, 2013, China's Ministry of National Defense spokesman announced that a new air defense intercept zone (ADIZ) will be established by the government to include the Diaoyu, or Senkaku Islands. Sovereignty over these islands is disputed by Japan, China, and Taiwan. The new ADIZ also included a submerged rock that falls inside overlapping Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZ) claimed by China, Japan, and South Korea. Pundits and policy analysts quickly engaged in a broad debate about whether China's expanded ADIZ is designed to create tension in Asia, or is part of a broader plan to impose a new definition of China's territorial space in the Asia-Pacific region. Meanwhile, to deal with cyber penetrations attributed to the Chinese People's Liberation Army (PLA), the U.S. Departments of Justice, Homeland Security, and State are devising new means to protect intellectual property and secrets from the PLA's computer network operations. Dr. Larry M. Wortzel's monograph puts these events into perspective. The ADIZ announcement by China, at one level, is an example of the PLA General Political Department engagement in what it calls "legal warfare," part of the PLA's "three warfares." In expanding its ADIZ, China is stretching International Civil Aviation Organization regulations to reinforce its territorial claims over the Senkaku Islands, administered by Japan. China calls these the Diaoyu Islands and, along with Taiwan, claims them for its own. On another level, the Chinese government will use the ADIZ as a way to increase the airspace it can monitor and control off its coast; it already is suing the navy and maritime law enforcement ships to enforce these claims at sea. Additionally, the PLA and the Chinese government have sent a major signal to Taiwan, demonstrating another aspect of the "three warfares." When the Chinese Ministry of National Defense put its expanded ADIZ into effect, the new zone carefully avoided any infringement into Taiwan's ADIZ, signaling that

TRADOC Pam 525-8-3 The U.S. Army Training Concept 2012-2020

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TRADOC Pamphlet (Pam) 525-8-3, The U.S. Army Training Concept, 2012-2020, is the Army's visualization of how it will provide training for units to execute full-spectrum operations in a joint, interagency, intergovernmental, and multinational operational environment. This concept identifies desired current and future capabilities to overcome anticipated challenges in the training environment. This environment is characterized by persistent conflict, uncertainty and surprise in which there are multiple complex challenges across the globe. TRADOC Pam 525-8-3 is the foundation for the development of unit training for future Army forces and serves as the baseline for follow-on CBA as a part of the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System effort. As the basis for performing this assessment, TRADOC Pam 525-8-3 suggests a set of capabilities that guide how a future commander may utilize training across the domains of doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel, and facilities (DOTMLPF) to augment mission capabilities. It acknowledges the requirement to consider all the variables of the future operational environment: political, military, economic, social, informational, infrastructure, physical environment, and time.

TRADOC Pam 525-8-3 The U.S. Army Training Concept 2012-2020

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TRADOC Pamphlet (Pam) 525-8-3, The U.S. Army Training Concept, 2012-2020, is the Army's visualization of how it will provide training for units to execute full-spectrum operations in a joint, interagency, intergovernmental, and multinational operational environment. This concept identifies desired current and future capabilities to overcome anticipated challenges in the training environment. This environment is characterized by persistent conflict, uncertainty and surprise in which there are multiple complex challenges across the globe. TRADOC Pam 525-8-3 is the foundation for the development of unit training for future Army forces and serves as the baseline for follow-on CBA as a part of the Joint Capabilities Integration and Development System effort. As the basis for performing this assessment, TRADOC Pam 525-8-3 suggests a set of capabilities that guide how a future commander may utilize training across the domains of doctrine, organization, training, materiel, leadership and education, personnel, and facilities (DOTMLPF) to augment mission capabilities. It acknowledges the requirement to consider all the variables of the future operational environment: political, military, economic, social, informational, infrastructure, physical environment, and time.

TRADOC Pam 525-3-0 The U.S. Army Capstone Concept 19 December 2012

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TP 525-3-0 describes what the future Army must do as part of the joint force to achieve the Nation's strategic objectives. This description is predicated on the Army's enduring missions and the future operational environment, characterized by an era of fiscal constraint. TP 525-3-0 describes the required capabilities the future Army will need to enable the nation to prevent conflict, shape the environment, and win the Nation's wars.

U.S. Army Counterinsurgency Handbook

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Anyone with an interest in what our troops are doing overseas will find this government manual an excellent source of information. It gives a detailed breakdown of what an insurgency is, how one starts and builds, and what our forces must do to overcome it. Find out the key roles often taken by insurgents; how to carry out intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance missions; and what ethical questions arise in handling these types of situations. Historical examples and anecdotes of both successes and failures provide an overall perspective. Dozens of illustrations and charts break down the information for civilians, and appendices cover legal issues, translation difficulties, airpower, and more. Skyhorse Publishing is proud to publish a range of books for readers interested in military tactics and skills. We publish content provided by or of interest to the U.S. Army, Army Rangers, the U.S. Navy, Navy SEALs, the U.S. Air Force, the U.S. Marine Corps, and the Department of Defense. Our books cover topics such as survival, emergency medicine, weapons, guns, weapons systems, hand-to-hand combat, and more. While not every title we publish becomes a New York Times bestseller or a national bestseller, we are committed to publishing books on subjects that are sometimes overlooked by other publishers and to authors whose work might not otherwise find a home.

U.S. Army Counterinsurgency Handbook

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Anyone with an interest in what our troops are doing overseas will find this government manual an excellent source of information. It gives a detailed breakdown of what an insurgency is, how one starts and builds, and what our forces must do to overcome it. Find out the key roles often taken by insurgents; how to carry out intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance missions; and what ethical questions arise in handling these types of situations. Historical examples and anecdotes of both successes and failures provide an overall perspective. Dozens of illustrations and charts break down the information for civilians, and appendices cover legal issues, translation difficulties, airpower, and more. Skyhorse Publishing is proud to publish a range of books for readers interested in military tactics and skills. We publish content provided by or of interest to the U.S. Army, Army Rangers, the U.S. Navy, Navy SEALs, the U.S. Air Force, the U.S. Marine Corps, and the Department of Defense. Our books cover topics such as survival, emergency medicine, weapons, guns, weapons systems, hand-to-hand combat, and more. While not every title we publish becomes a New York Times bestseller or a national bestseller, we are committed to publishing books on subjects that are sometimes overlooked by other publishers and to authors whose work might not otherwise find a home.

21st Century Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI) Papers - Lessons Learned from U.S. Government Law Enforcement in International Operations - Panama, Colombia, Kosovo

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The role of law enforcement is becoming increasingly prominent in the conduct of international operations involving the U.S. Government (USG), including counterinsurgency, peace operations, and reconstruction and stabilization. Hence, it is important for practitioners (military and civilian) and policymakers to understand how law enforcement can contribute to the achievement of U.S. strategic objectives and how it integrates into a wider interagency mission structure. This Peacekeeping and Stability Operations Institute (PKSOI) Paper should add to the body of knowledge in this field by presenting the findings from an analysis of U.S. law enforcement contributions to three major post-Cold War commitments. This report is the product of a year of research conducted by Noetic, under contract by the Emerging Capabilities Division Ground Portfolio Director, Colonel Patrick N. Kelleher, U.S. Marine Corps, within the Rapid Reaction Technology Office of the Office of the Secretary of Defense. This was part of the Law Enforcement Capabilities Project (LECP) which aims to inform USG agencies about issues relevant to law enforcement capabilities on international operations. The Institute for Defense Analyses (IDA) also contributed to the project, with Mr. William Simpkins playing a key role in the research phase. The project team particularly acknowledges the United States Marshals Service (USMS) and the Department of Justice's International Criminal Investigative Training Assistance Program (ICITAP), whose support was invaluable in facilitating research visits to Colombia and Kosovo, respectively. The team also received research and liaison support from representatives of: the Department of State, the Department of Defense, the Department of Justice, the Department of Homeland Security, the United States Agency for International Development, and the United States Army. Input obtained from these representatives has been critical in the preparation of this document; however, the

Punishment, Revenge, and Retribution: A Historical Analysis of Punitive Operations - Justifications for War, British Army Somaliland, U.S. Punitive Expedition 1916, El Dorado Canyon Libya 1986

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This excellent report has been professionally converted for accurate flowing-text e-book format reproduction. Using military force against an enemy to punish, avenge a wrong, as retribution is a timeless cause of armed conflict. There are many examples throughout history of successful punitive operations. Analyzing historical punitive expeditions for the elements that made them successful or unsuccessful can aid future military and government leaders in framing strategic and operational conflicts, and serve as a backplane for attempting to understand the nature of punitive expeditions and strikes. The purpose of this monograph is to study punitive attack and assess what makes these operations successful or unsuccessful. To do this, we first analyze what punitive operations are, and their place in the causes and reasoning for war. By surveying early international law we can see that attacking to avenge a loss or as retribution is an enduring and justified cause of war. Revenge is a uniquely human emotion, and one that is present even in primitive societies who did not wage war against another tribes. In the United States, one of the earliest scholars who wrote about the laws of war and how they affect punitive doctrine was Francis Lieber. Lieber's Code gives us the idea of military necessity, an important element of punitive operations or actions. Some of the modern concepts of punitive war are found in the early writings on small wars in both the British Army and the United States Army and Marine Corps. In manuals, professional journals, and school instruction one can find the vestiges of a doctrine for punitive operations and expeditions. The historical campaigns of both the British and the United States provide some excellent examples of punitive operations in execution. The twenty year fight by the British army against the Mad Mullah in Somaliland ended with the use of the airplane to finally quell the Mullah's influence. The United States Army under the command of

Once Again, The Challenge to the U.S. Army During a Defense Reduction: To Remain a Military Profession

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This monograph places the Army's 2011 campaign of learning about the Army as profession after a decade of war into the context of the just-initiated Department of Defense (DoD) reductions. The exact shape of those reductions and the defense strategy our down-sized land forces are to execute in the future are only now becoming clear as this monograph goes to press in early 2012. But what is already clear is that the U.S. Army will undergo a severely resource-constrained transition to a significantly smaller force than it sustained during the past decade of war. As with the post-Cold War downsizing during the Bill Clinton administration in the late 1990s, one critical challenge for the Army centers on the qualitative and institutional character of the Army after the reductions. Will the Army manifest the essential characteristics and behavior of a military profession comprised of Soldiers and civilians who see themselves sacrificially called to vocation? Will the Army perceive its service to country within a motivating professional culture that sustains a meritocratic ethic, or will the Army's character be more like any other government occupation in which its members view themselves as filling a job, motivated mostly by the extrinsic factors of pay, location, and work hours?To get ahead of this coming challenge, in mid-2010 the Secretary of the Army and the Chief of Staff directed the Commanding General, Training and Doctrine Command (TRADOC), then General Martin Dempsey, to undertake a broad campaign of learning, involving the entire Department. The intent was to think through what it means for the Army to be a profession of arms and for its Soldiers and civilians to be professionals as the Army largely returns stateside after a decade of war and then has to quickly transition to the new era of Defense reductions. That campaign has been ongoing for a year now and several new conceptions of the Army as a military profession have been produced, along with numerous ini

Joint Publication JP 1 Doctrine for the Armed Forces of the United States 25 March 2013

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Joint Publication 1, Doctrine for the Armed Forces of the United States, is the capstone publication for all joint doctrine, presenting fundamental principles and overarching guidance for the employment of the Armed Forces of the United States. This represents the evolution in our warfighting guidance and military theory that forms the core of joint warfighting doctrine and establishes the framework for our forces' ability to fight as a joint team. It is vital that we not only develop our military capabilities, but also strengthen the capacity of other government departments and agencies. This publication ties joint doctrine to the national security strategy and national military strategy and describes the military's role in the development of national policy and strategy. It thus provides the linkage between joint doctrine and the contribution of other government departments and agencies and multinational endeavors. As we look globally at our posture and the associated strategic risk, it is imperative that our doctrine also rapidly adjust to reflect our wartime footing. The guidance in this publication will enable current and future leaders of the Armed Forces of the United States to organize, train, and execute worldwide missions as our forces transform to meet emerging challenges. The joint force must simultaneously think ahead at the strategic level, stay current at the operational level, and be informed by tactical level developments. This publication is the capstone joint doctrine publication and provides doctrine for unified action by the Armed Forces of the United States. It specifies the authorized command relationships and authority that military commanders can use, provides guidance for the exercise of that military authority, provides fundamental principles and guidance for command and control, prescribes guidance for organizing and developing joint forces, and describes policy for selected joint activities. It also provides the doctrinal basis for
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